Annotation: Allergy skin - a reaction to a substance or effect is manifested in the form of pathological phenomena on the skin - swelling, redness and zuda.Chasto accompanied by blistering of the skin and deterioration of general condition. There are several types of skin allergy. If allergic symptoms need to eliminate the causes that caused the disease, and the passage of the course of treatment.
skin allergies are not independentdisease, and a consequence of pathological processes that occur within the body - in response to exposure to a substance or stimulus. Recently, due to the environmental degradation around the world the rise of allergic diseases.
Causes of skin allergies
What is allergy
Allergy called hypersensitivitythe immune system, leading to changes in response to factors that often do not pose any threat to the body. In response to exposure to the substance, which is the body regarded as a foreign element (allergen) may experience a variety of symptoms - runny nose, sneezing, eye and skin irritation.
What can cause allergies
As an allergen can perform almost any component part of the products, household chemicals and cosmetics. The most commonly cause allergies:
- Food containing additive;
- dandruff or animal hair;
- household chemicals;
- certain types of fabrics.
In most cases, one of the manifestations of allergic reactions are skin rash.
Allergy skin and its symptoms
Types of skin allergies
There are several main types of allergic diseases with skin manifestations:
Atopic dermatitis - is the result ofhypersensitivity of the immune system to the allergen, is manifested in inflammation of the skin. It may develop on the background of hay fever, hives, asthma and other diseases of the allergic nature.
Contact dermatitis - occurs at the point of contact with the allergen. The object, triggering an allergic reaction can be clothing, jewelry, linens, detergent, etc.
Urticaria - may occur in response not only toallergens, but also for various mechanical and physical stimuli. Skin lesion resembles a burn from nettles, which gave the name to this type of pathology.
Angioedema - urticaria to severe,leading to swelling of the skin, mucous membranes, and subcutaneous fat. It may occur on the external genitals, face and throat, often requires urgent medical intervention.
Lyell's syndrome - a reaction to the introduction into the body of any drugs.
Symptoms of allergy on the skin
Signs of allergic skin reactions mayvary depending on the type of disease. Atopic dermatitis is characterized by the appearance of the skin inflammatory foci with well-rounded edges. There is swelling and redness of the skin, constant itching at the site of injury; when there is purulent skin brushing weight (secondary pyoderma). The general state of health often deteriorates, may increase in size of lymph nodes, increased body temperature, headaches and body aches.
When contact dermatitis at the site of contactallergen redness and swelling of the skin, there are bubbles filled with a clear liquid. After some time, the bubbles burst to form a wet skin erosion. For urticaria is characterized by swelling of the papillary layer of the epidermis and the formation of empty blisters of the skin ranging in size from 0.5 to 15 cm. In the area of inflammation redness and intense itching. In the transition to angioedema, swelling of the skin increases, the skin becomes thick and pale, sometimes - with a pinkish tinge.
In Lyell's syndrome have symptomsintoxication - nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. There is a sharp deterioration of health, appear on the skin rash resembling measles. After a while, they become filled with clear fluid or blood of larger bubbles, after their opening formed erosion. The disease is associated with symptoms Nikolsky - at the slightest touch the skin starts peeling off.
Treatment of skin allergies
When allergic reactions should firstbe installed and removed the allergen. Relieve itching in some forms of the disease helps compresses with saline or aluminum acetate, warm baths and douches.
Drug treatment is reduced to several points:
- Admission antihistamines. Assign usually one drug "Zirtek" "Claritin" "Suprastin" "Tavegil" "Fenistil" or "Telfast". The duration and dosage is determined by the doctor.
- In the case of the conversion of rash dermatitis appointed corticosteroids - "Kenalog" or "Prednisone".
- antiallergic ointment used to relieve the itching, redness and burning sensation of the skin - "Elidel" or "Fenistil gel".
At the same time it is recommended hardening of the body, vitamin complexes, and the use of immunomodulators as an ointment.