Removal of teeth without pain and injury

Content

  • Indications for tooth extraction
  • Contraindications for tooth extraction
  • Removal of a tooth
  • Complications after tooth extraction
  • Dry wells
  • How to restore the dentition defects after tooth extraction?



  • Removing teeth is only when they
    severely damaged by caries, periodontal disease struck launched
    ( "Diseased gums") have been broken, so that they can not be restored,
    properly located in the mouth (e.g., the removal of wisdom teeth
    (Immersed) or in preparation for orthodontic treatment.

    After
    tooth extraction, its adjacent teeth begin to gradually shift,
    sometimes very significantly, which can greatly affect the overall
    dental condition. Extractions (even one) can create serious
    problem with chewing. To avoid these complications dentist
    recommend to replace the extracted tooth with an artificial one.



    Indications for tooth extraction

    • acute stage osteomelita odontogenic jaw;
    • odontogenic purulent periostitis, admaxillary cellulitis, abscesses, purulent lymphadenitis, sinusitis maxillary sinuses;
    • destroyed crown (roots), when it can not be used for prosthetics;Removal of teeth without pain and injury
    • removed the teeth that are in the field of fracture of the jaw or alveolar bone;
    • deleted
      Impacted teeth, eruption of which was complicated by the addition of
      infectious-inflammatory process, development of cysts, tumors;
    • later stages of periodontitis with I-IV degree of mobility;
    • radical removal of the tooth with the alveolar bone tumors;
    • rudiments eighth teeth in children and adolescents with progressive macrognathia to retard the growth of the lower jaw;
    • malocclusion with orthodontic treatment conducted in order to make room to move the teeth;
    • deleted
      teeth, has nominated the edge of the alveolar jaw as a result of losses
      antagonists (Popov, Gordon phenomenon), converging teeth,
      only one tooth left on the jaw and prevents the fixation
      prosthesis;
    • teeth removed, wrong
      located and supernumerary, which lead to tooth deformation
      number of persons, or a violation of the configuration.



    Contraindications for tooth extraction

    • Cardiovascular
      diseases (hypertension during the crisis, angina
      the period of acute disease, rheumatism in acute,
      bacterial endocarditis in acute, severe decompensation
      cardiac activity, expressed disturbances of heart rate and rhythm
      rate - atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal tachycardia,
      accompanied by heart failure);
    • kidney disease;
    • infectious hepatitis in an acute stage;
    • acute leukemia, agranulocytosis;
    • hemorrhagic diathesis;
    • mental illness during an exacerbation;
    • acute ischemic stroke;
    • acute infections (influenza, acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract), including highly contagious and extremely dangerous;
    • suppurative inflammation (abscesses, cellulitis not maxillofacial localization, erysipelas);
    • Acute bat disease;
    • 1, 2, 9 th months of pregnancy;
    • stomatitis;
    • Radiotherapy conducted on the tumors of maxillofacial localization.



    Removal of a tooth

    Before
    tooth extraction surgery the surgical field is not treated with preservative
    allergy, burns and necrosis of the oral mucosa
    mouth. Were anesthetized. Then, the dentist separates the circular ligament
    from tooth forceps imposes on the root of the tooth, the tooth loosens and removes
    him. After tooth extraction is performed audit wells, compressed edge
    To reduce the size of the surgical wound and applied gauze
    ball for 15-20 minutes. Dentist, making sure there is no bleeding
    hole is filled with a blood clot, the patient's home to let
    recommendations for postoperative wound care.

    Recommendations for the care of the wound left after tooth extraction:

    • refrain from eating for 2-3 hours after removal;
    • do not drink alcohol, sauna to-day operations;
    • do not touch the hole language and other objects;
    • do not take hot food;
    • do not rinse your mouth.



    Complications after tooth extraction

    Are common
    complications after tooth extraction and in the process associated with the condition
    patient and concomitant diseases. The most common complications
    manifested in the form of fainting due to psycho-emotional
    condition of the patient, the stress associated with the forthcoming operation. More
    severe complications after tooth extraction - is the collapse (circulatory
    failure) and shock.

    Local complications at the time of removal
    tooth - a tooth fracture, damage to the crown of a nearby tooth, dislocated
    adjacent tooth, the pushing of the tooth root in the maxillary sinus,
    pushing the root into the soft tissues, mucosal damage
    gum in the extracted tooth.

    Local complications Removal of teeth without pain and injuryafter tooth extraction - is the alveolar bleeding and alveolitis.




    Dry wells

    one
    of the most frequent complications after deletion was made
    tooth - the so-called "dry hole." "Dry hole" syndrome associated with
    a blood clot formed in the well after extraction. Availability
    a blood clot in the hole needed for the healing process. More often
    "Dry wells" formed after the hard deletions associated with
    significant injuries. For example, the removal of wisdom tooth
    (Immersed), in which the doctor has to first remove
    surrounding the tooth bone to get to the tooth.

    Highly
    it is important to listen to the recommendations of a dentist regarding
    hygiene and care tooth extraction area to reduce the risk
    Education "dry socket." "Dry wells" often formed in women
    (Especially those taking birth control pills), people aged
    older than 30 years and in smokers.

    Usually, "dry wells" are shown
    a dull pain that starts 3-4 days after removal
    tooth. It may seem that it extends from the point of disposal in
    Ear direction. Often in such cases, there is an unpleasant mouth
    taste or smell.

    "Dry hole" must examine
    dentist. Usually the doctor puts on the location where the
    extractions soaked bandage drug that
    It reduces and relieves pain.



    How to restore the dentition defects after tooth extraction?

    removal
    teeth violates chewing function, speech, develops bite deformity.
    Sometimes, when you remove the back of the teeth, formed gap between the front
    teeth, which leads to disruption of the aesthetics.

    replacement
    artificial tooth extraction method carried out by
    bridges, dentures, but even better with the implant,
    removable partial dentures.

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