Removing teeth is only when they
severely damaged by caries, periodontal disease struck launched
( "Diseased gums") have been broken, so that they can not be restored,
properly located in the mouth (e.g., the removal of wisdom teeth
(Immersed) or in preparation for orthodontic treatment.
tooth extraction, its adjacent teeth begin to gradually shift,
sometimes very significantly, which can greatly affect the overall
dental condition. Extractions (even one) can create serious
problem with chewing. To avoid these complications dentist
recommend to replace the extracted tooth with an artificial one.
Indications for tooth extraction
acute stage osteomelita odontogenic jaw;
odontogenic purulent periostitis, admaxillary cellulitis, abscesses, purulent lymphadenitis, sinusitis maxillary sinuses;
destroyed crown (roots), when it can not be used for prosthetics;
removed the teeth that are in the field of fracture of the jaw or alveolar bone;
Impacted teeth, eruption of which was complicated by the addition of
infectious-inflammatory process, development of cysts, tumors;
later stages of periodontitis with I-IV degree of mobility;
radical removal of the tooth with the alveolar bone tumors;
rudiments eighth teeth in children and adolescents with progressive macrognathia to retard the growth of the lower jaw;
malocclusion with orthodontic treatment conducted in order to make room to move the teeth;
teeth, has nominated the edge of the alveolar jaw as a result of losses
antagonists (Popov, Gordon phenomenon), converging teeth,
only one tooth left on the jaw and prevents the fixation
teeth removed, wrong
located and supernumerary, which lead to tooth deformation
number of persons, or a violation of the configuration.
Contraindications for tooth extraction
diseases (hypertension during the crisis, angina
the period of acute disease, rheumatism in acute,
bacterial endocarditis in acute, severe decompensation
cardiac activity, expressed disturbances of heart rate and rhythm
rate - atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal tachycardia,
accompanied by heart failure);
infectious hepatitis in an acute stage;
acute leukemia, agranulocytosis;
mental illness during an exacerbation;
acute ischemic stroke;
acute infections (influenza, acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract), including highly contagious and extremely dangerous;
suppurative inflammation (abscesses, cellulitis not maxillofacial localization, erysipelas);
Acute bat disease;
1, 2, 9 th months of pregnancy;
Radiotherapy conducted on the tumors of maxillofacial localization.
Removal of a tooth
tooth extraction surgery the surgical field is not treated with preservative
allergy, burns and necrosis of the oral mucosa
mouth. Were anesthetized. Then, the dentist separates the circular ligament
from tooth forceps imposes on the root of the tooth, the tooth loosens and removes
him. After tooth extraction is performed audit wells, compressed edge
To reduce the size of the surgical wound and applied gauze
ball for 15-20 minutes. Dentist, making sure there is no bleeding
hole is filled with a blood clot, the patient's home to let
recommendations for postoperative wound care.
Recommendations for the care of the wound left after tooth extraction:
refrain from eating for 2-3 hours after removal;
do not drink alcohol, sauna to-day operations;
do not touch the hole language and other objects;
do not take hot food;
do not rinse your mouth.
Complications after tooth extraction
complications after tooth extraction and in the process associated with the condition
patient and concomitant diseases. The most common complications
manifested in the form of fainting due to psycho-emotional
condition of the patient, the stress associated with the forthcoming operation. More
severe complications after tooth extraction - is the collapse (circulatory
failure) and shock.
Local complications at the time of removal
tooth - a tooth fracture, damage to the crown of a nearby tooth, dislocated
adjacent tooth, the pushing of the tooth root in the maxillary sinus,
pushing the root into the soft tissues, mucosal damage
gum in the extracted tooth.
Local complications after tooth extraction - is the alveolar bleeding and alveolitis.
of the most frequent complications after deletion was made
tooth - the so-called "dry hole." "Dry hole" syndrome associated with
a blood clot formed in the well after extraction. Availability
a blood clot in the hole needed for the healing process. More often
"Dry wells" formed after the hard deletions associated with
significant injuries. For example, the removal of wisdom tooth
(Immersed), in which the doctor has to first remove
surrounding the tooth bone to get to the tooth.
it is important to listen to the recommendations of a dentist regarding
hygiene and care tooth extraction area to reduce the risk
Education "dry socket." "Dry wells" often formed in women
(Especially those taking birth control pills), people aged
older than 30 years and in smokers.
Usually, "dry wells" are shown
a dull pain that starts 3-4 days after removal
tooth. It may seem that it extends from the point of disposal in
Ear direction. Often in such cases, there is an unpleasant mouth
taste or smell.
"Dry hole" must examine
dentist. Usually the doctor puts on the location where the
extractions soaked bandage drug that
It reduces and relieves pain.
How to restore the dentition defects after tooth extraction?
teeth violates chewing function, speech, develops bite deformity.
Sometimes, when you remove the back of the teeth, formed gap between the front
teeth, which leads to disruption of the aesthetics.
artificial tooth extraction method carried out by
bridges, dentures, but even better with the implant,
removable partial dentures.