What is periodontal


It so happens that in our time become loose and fall out teeth, and when the patient goes to the dentist, you know that he had launched
periodontal disease.


Let us see what is periodontitis. Parodont - a set of unrelated tissues that surround
tooth and keep it in a cell. It gums, periosteum, bone and
periodontal (ligament that holds the tooth root in the cell).

Periodontal disease may be of an inflammatory character, capturing
part of its tissue (eg gingivitis) or the entire complex periodontal (periodontitis). Sometimes the food is broken
periodontal tissues, and this process is called periodontitis.

In the presence of a common human disease can be severe
experience with idiopathic disease
rapid melting of periodontal tissues. There are also Parodontomy -
benign tumor and tumor-like processes of periodontal (naddesennik,
gingival fibromatosis, etc..). Causes of periodontal unknown.

Inflammatory periodontal diseases arise from not just the treated caries by mechanical or chemical irritation
gingival dental deposits (non-compliance with hygiene), the edge of the cavity,
hanging seal, orthodontic appliances, medical supplies, while
malocclusion, or the position of the teeth. Inflamed gums first, and then the process
It extends to the periosteum and the bone. The speed of propagation of inflammation on
periodontal tissues depends on the body's ability to resist external
influences (immune). Dystrophic
periodontal disease occur in violation of metabolic processes, which are often the cause is unknown.


What is periodontal
Inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) - is the most common
form of periodontal lesions. Gingivitis come in different shapes: catarrhal
(Inflammation without suppuration), hypertrophic (growth of gum tissue on the background
inflammation), atrophy (shrinkage of gum tissue on a background of chronic
inflammation), ulcerative. Flow
gingivitis may be acute or chronic, mild, moderate and severe, limited
and widespread.

Symptoms of gingivitis:

  • bleeding and
    changing contours of the gums;
  • lack of common disorders such as fever,
    chills, etc.
  • lack of
    X-ray signs of bone destruction;
  • appearance on
    With the reduction of immunity;
  • presence in the mouth
    the patient's plaque and tartar;
  • no gum
    pockets (the space between the tooth and gum).

What is periodontitis

When inflammation of the entire periodontal (periodontitis) are destroyed not only the soft tissue (gums), but
and alveolar bone (process
jaw teeth which grow). Periodontitis occurs as a consequence of not
the treated time of gingivitis.

Symptoms of periodontal disease:

  • inflamed gums;
  • the presence of gum (periodontal) pockets;
  • destruction of bone of the interdental partitions (seen in
  • mobility or loss of one or more teeth in the running
    stages of the disease;
  • changes in the overall condition of the body: increase
    fever, malaise, etc.

What is periodontal disease

Periodontal disease - a dystrophic (dystrophy - violation
Power tissue) disease of periodontal tissues, characterized by denudation
neck of the tooth (the place of transition in the crown of the tooth root), hypersensitivity
teeth on the cold and hot food. Exact
cause of the disease is currently unknown. alveolysis
can occur with endocrine disorders or in various diseases
internal organs, resulting in inadequate load on the teeth and gums, with
lack of trace elements and vitamins,
with insufficient blood supply to the gum tissue. Occurrence of periodontal disease
can promote shallow
vestibule of the oral cavity (the space between the teeth and lips, cheeks), short
frenulum of the tongue and lips.

Current chronic periodontal disease, the process captures all

Symptoms of periodontal disease:

  • the absence of inflammation in periodontal tissues and drift;
  • reduction of the gums, teeth baring necks and roots;
  • the absence of gingival pockets;
  • a small amount of dental plaque;
  • frequent combination with non-carious lesions of dental hard tissues
    (Wedge-shaped defects and others.);
  • lack of X-ray signs of inflammation
    bone fracture;
  • symmetry of bone lesions.

Periodontal disease - a long-term
flowing a disease that no
treatment can lead to complete loss of teeth.

Periodontal disease is a source of infection
the body, and therefore reflected not only in the state of dental system,
but also on the state of the body as a whole. Therefore, it is important to timely treatment, and
even better - the prevention of these diseases.

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