Should you a few minutes to sit in the colda bench in autumn park or go for a run in the rain in a short skirt - and kidneys already being felt. Their problems are "like" to escalate at any colds and infectious diseases. Why is this happening? Kidneys - a very vulnerable organ, the so-called target organ, which is one of the first to attack the bacteria are actively reproducing in the body. Kidneys are easily inflamed with hypothermia, urinary infections, and even ... diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. What can you do to keep them healthy and prevent pyelonephritis?
Kidney disease selected women
In humans, two kidneys, each of whichureter ends. According to it, the urine passes into the bladder, and then through the urethra (the urethra) excreted from the body. The kidneys filter the blood and help remove it from the final products of metabolism, excess salt and water, are involved in regulating blood pressure and red blood cell production. A person can live with one kidney, but if both are denied, seriously disrupted the whole body - including death.
Bacterial inflammation of the kidneys has two pathsDevelopment - ascending and descending. The first time the infection enters the kidney through the urinary tract (urethra, bladder, ureters). Women mocheispus-tive channel is much shorter than men, so the infection rises above faster. We cheer kidney inflammation five times more often than men.
90% of all infections of the urogenital tractcausing E. coli, which is from the intestine through the genitals enters the urethra and then doing your way up to the kidneys. In healthy people, infection with urine leaches shock and inflammation does not occur, but those suffering from pyelonephritis, this outflow is broken. Especially easy pyelonephritis develops in the inflammation of the bladder, so it is important to finish the cure cystitis through.
The second way to spread bacteria - topdown: for any bacterial infection of reduced immunity against bacteria enter the blood in the kidneys, causing an inflammation. The development of pyelonephritis and contributes to local hypothermia kidneys, as well as rare bladder emptying. When stagnation of urine can weaken the sphincter ureters, causing vesicoureteral reflux: urine thrown back into the kidney, thereby causing the inflammatory process.
It is also a hotbed of infection may become carious teeth,respiratory infections, inflammation of the skin, genital infections, and others. The development of pyelonephritis and contribute to diseases such as diabetes, atherosclerosis, inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, bowel disease. Often it is developing pyelonephritis in pregnant women due to the fact that the uterus puts pressure on the ureters and prevents normal outflow of urine.
Know your Enemy face
Acute pyelonephritis their symptoms recallssevere respiratory disease, so the self-diagnosis it is easy to confuse, for example, the flu. As a rule, kidney inflammation temperature rises above 38 ° C, there are chills, nausea (sometimes vomiting), severe headache. In addition, there are pains in the lower back, extending to the upper part of the abdomen, thigh or groin. In the upright position of the body the pain is stronger on the side where the kidney is inflamed. In the horizontal hurts more when you lie on the opposite side.
About a third of cases the symptoms are presentcystitis (frequent and painful urination, lower abdominal pain). When spasm ureter caused by infection, may feel short sharp pain - the so-called renal colic. However, pyelonephritis insidious in that the acute phase may be lubricated, it is easy to overlook - is fraught with almost imperceptible transition to the chronic form.
It should be borne in mind that chronic pyelonephritisnot always accompanied by an increase in tempera ture and acute attacks of nausea and pain. Often, there are: general weakness, fatigue, headaches, dull pain in the lumbar region. Contributing factors to the disease are especially urinary tract structure, chronic disease, kidney stones, tumors, vesicoureteral reflux, in prostatitis men. The disease is dangerous because it can seriously damage the kidneys - up to renal failure.
Analyses - is not everything
It is impossible to diagnose with confidence"Pyelonephritis" solely on the basis of symptoms. Moreover, even urinalysis, if the result is beyond the scope of its rules can talk about completely different inflammatory diseases. Invalid established diagnosis can lead to the fact that the patient will appoint a range of "heavy artillery", it affects the entire body, and the disease itself usually can not be cured. To confirm the diagnosis, can not do without a comprehensive assessment of the results of urine and blood count. Sometimes you have to make an additional ultrasound examination of the kidneys.
In addition, it is necessary to sowurine, by which the pathogen is detected directly pyelonephritis and checked its sensitivity to antibiotics (to assign it the drug that will help get rid of harmful bacteria). Unfortunately, the carrying out of such seeding difficult to implement in a clinic: it is necessary to apply to the district sanitary-epidemiological station, which is not always convenient for the patient. That is why patients often neglect this recommendation and are treated "at random", thereby triggering the disease. But in the future for this carelessness can pay dearly! Acute pyelonephritis must be treated in a hospital, because it requires regular intramuscular or intravenous drugs.
We treat the disease, not the symptoms
In acute pyelonephritis for a few daysprescribe bed rest. When the temperature is normal, it is recommended to move more - this contributes to the flow of urine from the kidneys. Generally, treatment is continued for about two weeks. Six weeks later carried out a control urine sample. In that case, pyelonephritis when caused by abnormalities in the structure and operation of the urinary organs, may require surgery to correct this defect. All this confirms the Celes-shape stationary examination and treatment.
In chronic pyelonephritis can be treatedto carry out at home: doctors usually prescribe antibiotics for the reception during the week with a break of three weeks. These courses are repeated for 3-6 months. The therapy is carried out by regular monitoring of the results of urine tests.
Prevent a relapse!
For the prevention of inflammatory processes inkidney must first eliminate all potential sources of infection in the body: to cure chronic diseases, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and tonsils, seal the carious teeth. It is necessary to dress for the season, avoid hypothermia and excessive exercise. The amount of liquid limit is not recommended: it is desirable to drink 2-2.5 liters of clean water - it will help to bring potential "pest" of the urinary tract. Avoid heavy foods in the diet, and concentrated extractives (broths), oily, spicy and salty.
There is an opinion that the kidneys are the projectionzone of love in the body, and they are usually inflamed by those who do not have enough heat. Try to please yourself, learn to enjoy life - and the kidneys will not bother you!
Symptoms of pyelonephritis are similar to the symptoms of influenza and other acute viral infections. Do not put a diagnosis and prescribe treatment - can hurt!
Take care of the kidney in childhood!
In young children, pyelonephritis symptoms are often mistaken for teething complications and other diseases. Be vigilant!
It is important to recognize the onset of the disease. If the child is kept low-grade (37,1-38 ° C) temperature, he often asks the toilet or, on the contrary, rarely urinate, complaining of abdominal pain, if he has a sour smell feces - perhaps this is pyelonephritis. If you do not begin to treat disease in time, pyelonephritis may lead to severe complications. In order to prevent the development of pyelonephritis, try to drink little and often a child (the latter fluid intake - 2 hours before sleep), focusing on cranberry juice, raspberry. From the child's diet exclusively fat, spicy and salty foods, concentrated protein and liver. Observe that in the low-fat diet were present proteins (turkey, chicken, fish). Pay attention to the amount of urination: healthy child under the age of 6 months should urinate about 20 times a day, up to 1 year - 15 times, and to 2 years - 7-10 times a day. The stream of urine should be light, good filling and continuous. If you collect a urine sample, the evening Prepare sterile jar or pot, the substitution of a child. In the morning try to bring the urine to the laboratory within one hour of collection. What is important is a favorable psychological climate in the family: children with weakened kidneys are sensitive to the mood of the parents. If the mother is nervous or parents quarrel, the child becomes vulnerable to disease.
In order to be accurate urinalysis necessaryabide by the rules of its collection. On the eve avoid products that change the color of urine (beets, carrots and so on. N.). Immediately prior to collecting a thorough toilet of external genitals. Collect urine in a clean, dry bowl. It is necessary to release the first morning urine for 1-2 seconds, and the "average" to collect in a jar (requires about 50 ml of liquid). Analysis is undesirable to take during menstruation.