Gout symptoms occur if the bodytoo much uric acid - purine derivative. Directly provoke symptoms of the disease monosodium urate crystals that form in the joints due to excess uric acid.
Uric acid - a by-producthuman life, the result of the collapse of the purines; normally present in blood in a certain amount. Purines - vital components of any cell, especially its core. A small part of them is formed in the body, but mostly they are supplied with food. Purines contained in almost all products (in particular, a lot of them in meat, fish, black tea, coffee and cocoa). In the body, they are broken down into uric acid, and in this form are displayed. If disrupted normal metabolism, uric acid that is produced than is displayed or it is retained in the body, the level of uric acid in the blood is increased, which leads to the formation of crystals and the development of gout.
If the kidneys are not able to pull uricacid, its level in the blood rises, a so-called hyperuricemia. This metabolic disease - a genetic disease. If elevated levels of uric acid for a long time remains unnoticed or if left untreated, it will eventually lead to gout. That is why it is important to recognize the initial symptoms of developing gout, and immediately begin to treat it. Every hundredth person in the world and seven per cent of older men suffer from gout.
How to recognize the symptoms?
Called salts monosodium urate arthropathy(In other words, gouty arthritis) - a term which designates recurrent attacks of painful joint inflammation. There are three stages of gout (some experts distinguish a fourth - intercritical asymptomatic period).
Asymptomatic hyperuricemia - Stage of the disease, in which the serum urate level increased, but the symptoms of arthritis, tophus or uric acid stones are still missing.
Acute gouty arthritis - Extremely painful arthritis usually firstone of the joints, but later in the process involves several joints. At this stage, symptoms appear within two weeks in the absence of treatment and lasts less than two weeks, if the disease started to arrest. Also, disease can occur implicitly, when a period of weeks, months or even years, the patient does not notice any signs of gout.
Chronic tophus - Acute attacks of joint pain(Mostly the legs). The crystals were formed as a result of excessively high concentrations of uric acid can form a so-called tophi -mnozhestvennye gouty nodules under the skin. At this stage it is also possible the formation of kidney stones.
At the stage of acute gouty arthritis oftenall suffering big toe, with the classic symptoms of gout are obvious redness, swelling, fever in the area around the affected joint and excruciating pain.
Gout is more characteristic of menolder, post-menopausal women and men, having a renal disease. His development of gout in the first place obliged to diseases such as obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes. Gout - a hereditary disease, so if your older relatives celebrated (or mark) of gout symptoms, be very attentive to their joints.
Typical gouty attack
- Home attack, usually rapidly. Often the symptoms of gout (sensation of heat, swelling, redness and tenderness) occur at night.
- Over the next eight - twelve hours of pain increases, varying from mild to very severe.
- Ninety percent of gout affected the big toe. A little less - the joints of the midfoot, ankle, heel and ankle, and even rarer - the joints of the wrist, fingers and elbows.
- When gout is manifested in the lower limbs, the patient is difficult for just walking on foot.
- Associated symptoms of gout attacks may be fever, chills, and malaise.
The main goal of any ailing with gout -prevent or at least minimize future gouty attacks. Begin treatment at the earliest stages of the disease and make lifestyle changes and nutrition - the first thing to do man with a diagnosis of "gout."
Test: "Gout: true or false"
Gout and pseudogout (second name - falsegout) is very similar in its manifestations, but are caused by different reasons, and therefore treatment of these diseases is not the same. What do you know about each of these diseases?
You can pass this test: "Gout: true or false"