Complications of renal failure and dialysis
Kidneys are involved in many systems of the body. When the kidneys stop working, the function of other body systems also disrupted. Unfortunately, this leads to the development of complications:
Anemia - this means that the blood is reducednumber of erythrocytes (red blood cells), which carry oxygen to the tissues. This may be due to blood loss, blood sampling, dialysis, reduced use of iron, vitamins (diet). Also in normal kidneys produce a hormone - erythropoietin, which stimulates the production of erythrocytes in humans in patients with renal erythropoietin hardly vrabatyvaetsya.
bone diseases. Patients with ESRD phase disturbed absorption of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D. This leads to increased bone fragility (renal osteodystrophy).
Increased blood pressure. It may be necessary to limit the use of salt and fluids.
Fluid overload. If you do not adhere to the planned treatment, for example, drink more than the recommended amount, this may cause fluid retention. In some cases, the situation is becoming critical - developing congestive heart failure or pulmonary edema.
Pericarditis - an inflammation of the membrane covering theheart, pericardium. The main reason - lack of dialysis. There is accumulation of fluid around the heart, impaired ability of the heart to contract and reduced blood ejection.
Nerve damage - manifest violationsensitivity in the hands, feet and legs. This occurs for various reasons, including the accumulation of body waste products that are normally excreted by the kidneys.
Infectious complications. Approximately 15-20% of patients on hemodialysis, die due to infectious complications, most of these complications associated with intravenous catheter. In patients with a peritoneal dialysis likely to develop peritonitis - inflammation of the abdominal cavity. That is why it is important to observe hygiene and use only sterile (sterilized) solutions and tools.
How to prevent complications of dialysis
What is needed for successful dialysis?
- Compliance with the assigned diet doctor
- Drinking is recommended by your doctor fluid volume
- Take medications prescribed by Dr.
- According to the treatment plan to carry out dialysis (home or hospital)
- Notify family and doctor all symptoms of complications