How to prevent the occurrence of thyroid cancer
In most patients with thyroid cancer, risk factors are not known, so it is impossible to prevent the development of such a disease at the overwhelming number of people. Some researchers believe that an increase in the number of cases of thyroid gland can be explained by radiographic surveys of young children. This assumption was not confirmed, however, if possible, x-ray research in children should be avoided.
Most family cases of medullary cancer of the thyroid gland can be prevented by genetic research. When identifying such a disease in the family, the remaining family members must be examined.
If the family has cases of medullary cancer of the thyroid gland, then the rest of the family should be observed by a doctor who has the latest information on genetic consulting and examination. If the RET gene mutations are revealed, associated with family medullary thyroid cancer (even if there are no obvious nodal formations in the gland and other symptoms of the disease), then an operation may be proposed to prevent the occurrence of medullary cancer of the thyroid gland. The only way to prevent the medullary cancer of the thyroid gland in the presence of mutations of the RET gene is the removal of the entire gland. After surgery, it is necessary to conduct hormone-hosted therapy.
Early detection of thyroid cancer
In many cases, the thyroid cancer can be detected in the early stages. In fact, most patients with cancer of this localization are diagnosed in earlier stages, and therefore is treated more efficiently. In rare cases, the thyroid cancer is not accompanied by symptoms and therefore is detected in later stages.
Tumids of the thyroid gland are diagnosed early if the patient appeals to the doctor immediately after he noticed her. Many tumors are detected during regular preventive inspections.
If unusual symptoms appeared in the form of a tumor node on the neck or swelling of the neck, it is necessary to immediately see the doctor. Some researchers are recommended to carry out the neck of the neck twice a year to identify unusual formations or tumor nodes.
People in the family of which there are cases of medullary cancer of the thyroid gland, have a very high risk of developing this type of cancer. The removal of the thyroid gland in children in such families is an effective method of preventing this type of cancer, which may be fatal. If the patient refuses a genetic survey or an operation to prevent the medullary cancer of the thyroid gland, then there are other methods to help identify cancer at an early stage and to carry out effective treatment.