Self removal of the tick
The main symptoms and signs of tick-borne encephalitis are: a sharp increase in body temperature, strong headache, nausea, vomiting, breakdown, fatigue, muscle pain, numbness, paresthesia, sometimes can be remembered by consciousness and stump. In the event of a tick appearance of such symptoms of the disease, a person must immediately consult a doctor.
The doctor when the tick of the tick of tick-borne encephalitis is detected after vinegar, it urgently places the patient to the infectious hospital for intensive treatment. It should be borne in mind that the likelihood of tick-borne encephalitis depends on the amount of penetrating virus «bite» Ticks (that is, the time during which the tick was in the requested state), so the removal of the puncture parasite is an urgent event.
The main actions in the bite of ticks should be directed to the removal of the parasite and the prevention of diseases transmitted by bream. If there is no possibility to ask for help in a medical institution, then the tick will have to be deleted independently. When independently removing the tick, the following recommendations must be observed - a durable thread, as close as possible to the trunk of the tick, tie into the node, remove the tick, pulling it up. Sharp movements are unacceptable.
If, when removing the tick, its head was broken off, which has a type of black point, the sterling place is wiped with a cotton or bandage, moistened with alcohol, and then remove the head with a sterile needle (pre-calcined on fire).
Tick removal must be made with caution, without squeezing his body with his hands, because it is possible to extrude the contents of the tick together with the pathogens of diseases in the rink. It is important not to break the ticks when removing - the remaining part can cause inflammation and suppuration. It should be noted that when the tick head is cut, the infection process may continue, since there is a significant concentration of the tick-borne encephalitis virus in salivary glands and ducts.
There are no grounds for some controversial recommendations that for better removal it is recommended to apply oxid dressing ticks or use oil solutions. After removing the tick, the skin at its scene is treated with a tincture of iodine or alcohol. The imposition of bandages is usually not required.
Removing the tick, it is worth keeping it for research on infection, while it is desirable that the tick was alive. Usually analysis can be made in an infectious hospital. After removing the tick it is necessary to put it in a small glass bottle with a dense cover, and put a rat with a slightly moistened with water. The bottle must closely close the lid and store in the refrigerator. If necessary, after vinegar, the tick can be passed blood tests.
If your area is not safe for tick-borne encephalitis, without waiting for the results of the analysis of the tick and blood, contact the point of the seroprophylaxis of tick-borne encephalitis. Emergency prophylaxis is carried out in the first 3 days (better in 1 day) immunoglobulin or iodantypyrin. For the prevention of tick-borne encephalitis in children under 14, immunoglobulin and Anaferon Children's.
Prevention of tick-borne encephalitis
The most efficient protection against tick-borne encephalitis is vaccination. When visiting the habitats of ticks, wear protective clothing, and use repellents.
In case of suction of a tick, it should be deleted. And to study it on the infection of tick-borne encephalitis and other diseases developing after the tick bite, you should contact the infectious hospital. With a positive result of the study, the injured immunoglobulin against tick-borne encephalitis is introduced. Its introduction is most effectively for 1 day after sinking the tick, after 4 days after the tick bite it is not carried out. If the ticks could not be kept, then after the tick bite, it is necessary to pass the blood test and carefully monitor your well-being.
One of the latest achievements of science was the creation of a highly efficient antiviral drug called iodantipirin. Iodantipirin is able to destroy the tick-borne encephalitis virus for 12-24 hours from the moment of infection (tick bite).
In the case of the bite of children, the tick for emergency prevention of tick-borne encephalitis is recommended to use Anaferon Children in doses - under the age of 12 years 1 tablet 3 times a day, over the age of 12 years 2 tablets 3 times a day duration of 21 days (incubation period of tick-borne Encephalitis) that warns the development of the disease.