Dizziness: causes, diagnosis and treatment


  • Dizziness, reasons
  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Dizziness

    Dizziness, reasons

    Dizziness is perhaps one of the most common complaints, with
    who are treated patients to doctors. Today on this problem of our
    readers advises the head of the neurology department of the Central
    Medical Space Agency No. 119 of the Federal Space Agency .

    It would seem, to explain what kind of dizziness is not necessary, because
    This condition is well known to people. Sensation of the movement of others
    Objects or own bodies and malfunction accounted for
    Testing most of us. Someone does not tolerate ride in
    transport, the other recalls swing and carousels delivered
    In childhood, or discomfort at the height. But although
    Dizziness in itself is not a disease, it can serve
    symptom of at least 80 diseases, including life-threatening.

    Dizziness: causes, diagnosis and treatment
    With cardiovascular pathology, the patient sometimes takes
    Dizziness Pre-sensor feeling of faintness, approaching loss
    Consciousness. And the impression of emptiness, «Easy in the head» combined with
    skin pallor, heartbeat, nausea, darkening in the eyes. Sometimes
    Patients complain, taking for dizziness feeling of gravity in the head
    or feelings like intoxication who have a psychogenic nature and
    usually happen in neurosis and depression. Instability, Shalkaya
    («drunk») The gait arise, as a rule, due to departure disorders
    nervous system providing spatial coordination. Violation
    equilibrium patients are also often considered dizziness.

    True, so-called systemic, dizziness appears in
    resulting the mismatch between the sensory functions of the body. Man
    «loses the soil under the legs» With the lesion of the vestibular apparatus. Him
    It seems that the walls and the ceiling bend, fall, swing or he
    yourself fails, it seems as if by the swamp, like a swamp.
    Nausea, vomiting and sweating accompany these symptoms.

    Such vestibular dizziness (Vertigo) most often happens
    parole, episodic. It provokes, for example, a disease
    Menieral. Then in addition to dizziness, the patient is tormented for several hours
    nausea, vomiting, noise and ear congestion, as well as hearing loss.
    Attails of systemic dizziness and hearing impairment
    Labyrinthitis - complications of otitis and herpes of viral
    Origin. Often vestibular dizziness arise on the background
    cervical osteochondrosis, during the disease of the thyroid gland and sugar
    diabetes, with awesome-vascular dystonia, atherosclerosis and hypertension.

    But most often, especially in elderly patients, dizziness happens
    With a sharp change in body position, tilting forward and throwing out
    Heads back. With age, the number of attacks increases, and
    Such pathology in women is twice as often. Usually,
    This dizziness lasts no more than a minute and ends

    Diagnosis and Treatment of Dizziness

    Considering the multiplicity of the reasons that cause Vertigo, the doctor happens
    At first it is difficult to establish the correct diagnosis. Especially since any
    Feelings of the illusory movement, like a pecification or instability,
    Patients are called dizziness. And repeating dizziness are dangerous
    Due to the deterioration of the brain supply with oxygen and nutritional
    substances. From here - the possibility of stroke development, discirculatory
    Encephalopathy, memory weakening and reducing the overall quality of life.
    Therefore, do not be surprised by the doctor's subsidism that finds out
    dizziness, asking if there was no head injury or neck and
    What medications or points the patient enjoys. For final
    imprisonment is necessary inspection not only by a neurologist, but also an oculist, and
    Also, the presence of ECG and ultrasound.

    Dizziness: causes, diagnosis and treatment
    Treatment, as a rule, is appointed complex, its basis is
    Preparations of brain circulation. But despite this
    the variety of drugs, doctors are quite often faced
    so that patients themselves prescribe nitroglycerin when attacking
    Dizziness. But! Nitroglycerin expands the coronary vessels, and those,
    which supply the brain, narrows. Thus, dizziness is only

    Another obstacle to treatment is too late to appeal to a doctor who complicates the situation with additional disorders.

    Physiotherapy - one of the components of the treatment of repeating
    Dizziness. In the absence of a tumor when ledging vestibular
    Neuropathologist systems appoints thermal procedures, electrophoresis,
    Different types of massage, manual and needleflexotherapy.

    By the way, the manual therapy has recently changed significantly
    comparing S «Wheel art» The end of the twentieth century. Now basically
    The principle of mobilization and muscle relaxation. Based on the same
    principle, use different exercises aimed at improving
    Blood supply of the brain.

    Here are some of them:

    • Sitting on a chair, palms grab the neck from behind, picking up with your fingers
      Speaker when the head slope is greater than the remaining 7th vertebra. Nadavit
      on the resting palms and turn your head on the breath left.
      Hold your breath in a tense position for 5-7 seconds., Then on the exhalation
      Return to starting position and relax for 10 seconds. Repeat
      Exercise 3-5 times, after following the same time in the other side.
      • Sit on the bed straight, stretching your legs and pressing hands to the thighs,
        See forward. Quickly lie on the back and return to the original
        Position. Or: Looks at the back, turn your head left.

      Some of my wards with the advent of recurrent dizziness
      refuse to exercise. And in vain. Move is needed
      certainly, although somewhat changing the rules to observe the slow
      pace. It is impossible, let's say, dramatically change the position of the body in bed,
      Turn in slower. Getting up with bed, do not rush to jump, sit first and then do
      first step. Do not turn around sharply on some kind of call. And take on
      Street on satellites cane so that it is necessary to have a support, not
      look convulsively for whatever. And for physical education, choose
      Moves without sudden shoes and jerks. Give preference to walking,
      Swimming, cycling and skiing. In short, hurry slowly.

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