Dizziness is perhaps one of the most common complaints, with
who are treated patients to doctors. Today on this problem of our
readers advises the head of the neurology department of the Central
Medical Space Agency No. 119 of the Federal Space Agency .
It would seem, to explain what kind of dizziness is not necessary, because
This condition is well known to people. Sensation of the movement of others
Objects or own bodies and malfunction accounted for
Testing most of us. Someone does not tolerate ride in
transport, the other recalls swing and carousels delivered
In childhood, or discomfort at the height. But although
Dizziness in itself is not a disease, it can serve
symptom of at least 80 diseases, including life-threatening.
With cardiovascular pathology, the patient sometimes takes
Dizziness Pre-sensor feeling of faintness, approaching loss
Consciousness. And the impression of emptiness, «Easy in the head» combined with
skin pallor, heartbeat, nausea, darkening in the eyes. Sometimes
Patients complain, taking for dizziness feeling of gravity in the head
or feelings like intoxication who have a psychogenic nature and
usually happen in neurosis and depression. Instability, Shalkaya
(«drunk») The gait arise, as a rule, due to departure disorders
nervous system providing spatial coordination. Violation
equilibrium patients are also often considered dizziness.
True, so-called systemic, dizziness appears in
resulting the mismatch between the sensory functions of the body. Man
«loses the soil under the legs» With the lesion of the vestibular apparatus. Him
It seems that the walls and the ceiling bend, fall, swing or he
yourself fails, it seems as if by the swamp, like a swamp.
Nausea, vomiting and sweating accompany these symptoms.
Such vestibular dizziness (Vertigo) most often happens
parole, episodic. It provokes, for example, a disease
Menieral. Then in addition to dizziness, the patient is tormented for several hours
nausea, vomiting, noise and ear congestion, as well as hearing loss.
Attails of systemic dizziness and hearing impairment
Labyrinthitis - complications of otitis and herpes of viral
Origin. Often vestibular dizziness arise on the background
cervical osteochondrosis, during the disease of the thyroid gland and sugar
diabetes, with awesome-vascular dystonia, atherosclerosis and hypertension.
But most often, especially in elderly patients, dizziness happens
With a sharp change in body position, tilting forward and throwing out
Heads back. With age, the number of attacks increases, and
Such pathology in women is twice as often. Usually,
This dizziness lasts no more than a minute and ends
Diagnosis and Treatment of Dizziness
Considering the multiplicity of the reasons that cause Vertigo, the doctor happens
At first it is difficult to establish the correct diagnosis. Especially since any
Feelings of the illusory movement, like a pecification or instability,
Patients are called dizziness. And repeating dizziness are dangerous
Due to the deterioration of the brain supply with oxygen and nutritional
substances. From here - the possibility of stroke development, discirculatory
Encephalopathy, memory weakening and reducing the overall quality of life.
Therefore, do not be surprised by the doctor's subsidism that finds out
dizziness, asking if there was no head injury or neck and
What medications or points the patient enjoys. For final
imprisonment is necessary inspection not only by a neurologist, but also an oculist, and
Also, the presence of ECG and ultrasound.
Treatment, as a rule, is appointed complex, its basis is
Preparations of brain circulation. But despite this
the variety of drugs, doctors are quite often faced
so that patients themselves prescribe nitroglycerin when attacking
Dizziness. But! Nitroglycerin expands the coronary vessels, and those,
which supply the brain, narrows. Thus, dizziness is only
Another obstacle to treatment is too late to appeal to a doctor who complicates the situation with additional disorders.
Physiotherapy - one of the components of the treatment of repeating
Dizziness. In the absence of a tumor when ledging vestibular
Neuropathologist systems appoints thermal procedures, electrophoresis,
Different types of massage, manual and needleflexotherapy.
By the way, the manual therapy has recently changed significantly
comparing S «Wheel art» The end of the twentieth century. Now basically
The principle of mobilization and muscle relaxation. Based on the same
principle, use different exercises aimed at improving
Blood supply of the brain.
Here are some of them:
Speaker when the head slope is greater than the remaining 7th vertebra. Nadavit
on the resting palms and turn your head on the breath left.
Hold your breath in a tense position for 5-7 seconds., Then on the exhalation
Return to starting position and relax for 10 seconds. Repeat
Exercise 3-5 times, after following the same time in the other side.
- Sit on the bed straight, stretching your legs and pressing hands to the thighs,
See forward. Quickly lie on the back and return to the original
Position. Or: Looks at the back, turn your head left.
Some of my wards with the advent of recurrent dizziness
refuse to exercise. And in vain. Move is needed
certainly, although somewhat changing the rules to observe the slow
pace. It is impossible, let's say, dramatically change the position of the body in bed,
Turn in slower. Getting up with bed, do not rush to jump, sit first and then do
first step. Do not turn around sharply on some kind of call. And take on
Street on satellites cane so that it is necessary to have a support, not
look convulsively for whatever. And for physical education, choose
Moves without sudden shoes and jerks. Give preference to walking,
Swimming, cycling and skiing. In short, hurry slowly.