To select the correct treatment is important thatdiagnosis of osteoarthritis has put the doctor, since there are a number of other diseases of the joints, similar in presentation, but their treatment has fundamental differences. The diagnosis of osteoarthritis - a reason to change the existing patterns of life and use the advice of a doctor correctly.
Patients joints should be protected from excessiveload. When arthrosis leg joints is recommended to eliminate these types of physical activity like running, jumping and squats. Worsens the condition of the joints and increase pain fast and long walking, especially on uneven terrain, uphill and walking down the stairs. Furthermore, to avoid lifting and carrying heavy. With all these activities to the affected joints a force considerably in excess body weight, which is harmful to the already altered cartilage.
You should also avoid prolonged stay inone position, such as prolonged sitting or standing in one position, squatting or bent position when working in the garden. Such postures impair blood flow to aching joints, thereby deteriorating and nutrition of cartilage.
If osteoarthritis of the joints of hands should be limitedcarrying heavy weights, push-ups and heavy cumbersome clothes hands and any other heavy load on the fingers. In any case, it is necessary to develop a rhythm of locomotor activity to load periods alternated with periods of rest during which the joint is to be unloaded. The approximate rate - 15-20 minutes load. 5-10 minutes of rest. To unload leg joints should be in a prone position or sitting in the same position can perform several movements in the joints (flexion, extension, bicycle) to restore blood flow after exercise.
However, despite a number ofrestrictions, it is necessary to lead an active lifestyle through increased motor activity, no adverse effects on the cartilage. It is necessary to carry out special exercises on a daily basis, a common feature of which is that, when executed by the load on the articular cartilage is minimal, and mostly work the muscles surrounding the joint. This allows you to form a good muscular corset around the joint, to maintain normal mobility and sufficient blood circulation in the limbs.
Good help reduce the load on the joints of the feetuse walking sticks. If you are more concerned about the right leg, the cane must be worn on the left arm and vice versa. If both legs are affected, it is useful to walk with two canes at the same time. If you will be a long walk, or you suspect that you have to stand on their feet for a long time, it is necessary to take a cane. This will make your hike more comfortable.
It is very important to choose the correct height of canes. As is too long or too short cane equally safe for the skeleton. To choose the right height of the cane, it is necessary to wear shoes with a heel on which you normally go. Hands free to lie along the body. stick handle at the same time it should be located at the base of the first finger.
Sometimes, in order to reduce pain in kneejoints doctor may recommend that you wear a special knee pads or special insoles in shoes (insoles), which allows to maintain the correct state of the joints. Insoles must be selected individually or as a stop of all kinds and improperly selected insole can hurt more.
Particular attention in osteoarthritis joints of the feetit is necessary to pay for shoes. Wearing shoes on low wide heel with a soft flexible sole allows extinguish the blow that spreading limbs during heel contact with the ground and thus injure the cartilage. It is also important that the shoes were wide enough and its top - soft, in general, these requirements correspond to the majority of sports shoes.
Patients with lesions of the hand joints oftenit is difficult to open the door in the usual key. It is easier to do if using a metal pin to increase the key lever. Wear this simple tool in the pocket or purse, so it was always at hand.
If you can be difficult to get up from positionsitting, then take care of his chair. He should be on high legs and have a good arm rest, protruding. Standing, lean palms on the edge of the armrests. Thus body weight is uniformly distributed on the strengths of the wrist rather than the weaker hand joints, which are often affected in osteoarthritis. Do not rest your fingers, it creates a very large load on the affected joints of the hand.
Do not sit on your lap. Better get on your knees and put a soft cushion. Avoid sit on low stools or low chair - with aching joints will be very difficult to get out of them. When are you going to do homework, remember all you need to do, and pre-assemble all the things together. This avoids repeated rises from his chair and unnecessary trips to the house, and, therefore, reduce the load on the joints. For example, if you plan to start cooking meals in advance, remove and place all products and kitchen tools to keep their feet. Perform any work better sitting. If you have to wash the floors, that do it better than a mop, not vnaklon.
Obesity is one of the most important factorsthe risk of osteoarthritis of the joints of legs. The extra kilos increase the load on the joints. And, considering that joints and so damaged by the disease, it seriously complicates the forecast and an adverse effect on the course of the disease.
Change style food and diet should haveaimed at the gradual but steady weight loss. They should definitely be combined with physical activity. To lose weight, you should eat less fat. For this purpose, there are the following rules:
- Avoid the "invisible" fat that canhiding in confectionery, baking, cakes, chocolate, sausages, and a wide variety of snacks. To determine the content of the "hidden" fat in the product, carefully read the information on the labels.
- Buy only lean meats. Replace as often as possible on meat fish and poultry. Do not forget that is particularly useful fatty fish. It contains fatty acids that your body needs. Try to use low-fat milk and dairy products.
- Consume a sufficient amount of black bread, cereals and grains. They contain a lot of fiber, and they are effectively not fattening. The diet should be more vegetables, fruits and berries.
- Reduce your intake of sugar. Less than add it to porridge, tea, coffee and other drinks. Avoid foods with "hidden" sugar: it is very much in the soda to ketchup and other sauces. To find such a sugar, carefully read the product label.