Pain in the stomach, and more precisely — Epigastric pain (so called the upper floor of the abdomen in the place where the ribs converge) may be caused by the most different pathologies. Some of them affect the top of the digestive system, others are only a reflection of diseases of other organs. In any case, pain — a sign of a serious problem and decide it is quick.
Causes of Pain in the stomach
Inflammatory diseases, violation of the nervous regulation of the digestive tract, oncological pathology are the main causes of pain in the stomach. The most frequent causes of pain in the stomach:
- gastritis and gastric ulcer;
- polyps and cancer;
- infections of the digestive tract;
- Functional disorders;
- poisoning food and chemical;
- intolerance of some products;
It can be attributed to extraordinary reasons:
- heart pathology;
- Spasm diaphragm.
Pains caused by gastric diseases
Pains caused by gastric diseases are usually accompanied by other symptoms associated with irritation of the nervous organ receptors. A frequent sign of such diseases is nausea, as well as vomiting, after which the patient's condition improves somewhat.
It is important to identify the character, accurate localization of pain, the connection of them with the meal time. So, unpleasant feelings immediately after meals talk about the localization of pathology in the stomach. The occurrence of pain a few hours after meals are characteristic of damage to the duodenal.
A sharp pain that resembles a blow to the dagger talks about the appearance of a threatening life complication of ulcerative disease — Perforation (otherwise — Split) ulcers. Pains are so intense that the patient can lose consciousness because of them. This pathological condition requires emergency delivery of a patient to the hospital for the operation to eliminate the body defect.
Pain with stomach cancer are permanent. Initially, their intensity is quite low, which is misleading the patient. A person believes that he has gastritis, and takes various drugs that, however, do not help. Only after appeal to the gastrologist, it turns out a terrible diagnosis. Often, time is already missed and the situation acquires the character of the catastrophe.
Viral gastroenteritis — Another reason for the appearance of pain in the stomach, this time grabs. Most often, they are accompanied by stool disorders, vomiting and impaired general condition. The diagnosis of such pathologies does not represent large difficulties, treatment is carried out under infectious compartment.
With chemical poisoning, symptoms resembles a clinical picture of acute gastritis. The strongest pains in epigastrics are accompanied by painful vomiting and severe common violations. Sometimes pain shock can come, often leading to the death of the patient.
With congenital lactose intolerance, pain occurs when the use of dairy products. In this case, it is accompanied by a bloating, diarrhea and vomit. Exception from the ration of products containing lactose, eliminates the patient from all unpleasant sensations.
Pain in the area of the stomach caused by extregnoric reasons
Perhaps the most frequent extraordinary disease in which pain in the epigastria is found, is pancreatitis. Acute inflammation in the pancreas causes the strongest pain in the upper floor of the abdomen. They are accompanied by indomitable multiple vomiting, after which the patient does not become easier. The general state of the patient suffers: blood pressure drops, collapse occurs, and in the launched cases — and toxic shock.
Pain can localize in the area of the stomach and with acute appendicitis in the first hours of its development. This is due to the fact that the heart-shaped process and the stomach innervate the same nerves. However, after a few hours, the pain usually shifts into the right lower part of the abdomen, and the symptoms of appendicitis becomes classical.
The strongest pain in the area of the stomach are characteristic and stratification aortic aneurysms. Their intensity is so high that the patient loses consciousness. This is a dangerous disease distinguished by high mortality.
Finally, there is an atypical form of a heart attack, in which there are no sensations from the heart. Instead, pain in the area of the stomach, giving in the back. In addition, pronounced weakness, one- or twofold vomiting, pallor, high sweating are possible. Sometimes the symptomatics strongly resembles the clinic of acute pancreatitis. Electrocardiographic examination, mandatory in such cases, allows you to recognize the heart attack and designate correct treatment.