Cardiosclerosis (from the Greek «kardia» - «heart» and «sklerosis» - «seal"; synonymous name - myocardiosclerosis) - the partial replacement of myocardial tissue by connective tissue.
In other words, cardio - the formation of scar tissue in the heart muscle, which replaces the myocardium and can distort heart valves.
Cardiosclerosis develops destruction sitesmyocardial fibers in the outcome of myocarditis, severe myocardial dystrophy, including developing as a result of myocardial hypoxia in patients with coronary heart disease, in the zone of necrosis in myocardial infarction.
Diffuse kardiosklerosis characterized by relatively uniform distribution of the elements of connective tissue around the myocardium; developed with a uniform heart muscle injury.
Focal (scar) cardio - educationseparate areas of different size of scar tissue. Focal cardio can be expressed as a consequence of myocardial infarction or, less commonly, as a result of the inflammatory process.
Manifestations myocardiosclerosis are stablearrhythmia and disorders of intracardiac conduction, chronic heart failure. Atherosclerotic cardio can cause valvular almost exclusively in the form of mitral insufficiency (papiplyarny defect) or aortic valves.
When atherosclerotic may cardiosclerosisoccur angina, and may develop chronic cardiac aneurysm. The course usually due to a slowly progressive chronic relapsing (rheumatism) or progressive (atherosclerosis) the nature of the underlying disease.
For the definition of the diagnosis the doctor will need to review:
- the stability of the manifestations of heart failure;
- the stability of cardiac arrhythmias;
- results of electrocardiography;
- the results of echocardiography.
Treatment is aimed at:
- improving the state of preservation of myocardial fibers;
- the elimination of the manifestations of heart failure.
In some cases, it may require limitation of physical activity. Severe conduction abnormalities may be an indication for pacemaker implantation.
Possible manifestations Cardiosclerosis representing a risk to life:
- ventricular paroxysmal tachycardia;
- atrioventricular block.
Prevention and early treatment of disease, the outcome of which is a cardio is the best prevention of myocardiosclerosis.