cardiac arrhythmia

Content

  • Types of arrhythmias
  • Symptoms of arrhythmias
  • arrhythmia Diagnosis
  • Methods of treatment of arrhythmia



  • To assign adequate treatment is necessary to determine the type of arrhythmia - that is to fix it on the ECG.

    Millions of people all over the world during their lives felt disruptions of the heart.

    your
    heart beats approximately 100,000 times per day. Each of these reductions
    It begins with an electrical pulse, which occurs in the heart.
    Cardiac arrhythmias, called arrhythmia - a change in the frequency and
    regularity of heartbeats. Rhythm can be too fast, too
    slow or irregular.


    Types of arrhythmias

    There are many types of arrhythmias and heart block. Simplistically they can be divided into the following groups:

    cardiac arrhythmiaTachycardia - It is too frequent rate (more than 90 beats per minute..). Tachycardia is divided into two large groups: ventricular and supraventricular.

    bradycardia
    - It is too slow pulse. It depends upon the age and physical
    activity, but in most cases less than 60 beats pulse. min.
    considered rare.

    extrasystole - this
    extraordinary contraction of the heart. In normal sinus impulses occur in
    site and then go for the heart's electrical system. When arrhythmia
    pulses originate outside the sinus node.

    heart block
    - When the impulse can not pass through certain areas of the heart
    muscles. Sometimes it can be over a full cardiac arrest.


    Symptoms of arrhythmias

    • heartbeat
    • Interruptions, "revolutions" in the chest
    • Weakness, dizziness
    • Pain or pressure in the chest
    • Shortness of breath or rapid breathing
    • Fainting or loss of consciousness



    arrhythmia Diagnosis

    ECG: description, analysis

    Electrocardiogram
    (ECG), a graphic representation of the potential difference occurring during
    the work of the heart to the body surface, the device registered under the
    called ECG in the ECG. Is an
    one of the main methods for diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases.

    Monitoring the Holter

    Holter
    monitoring was named after the explorer Norman J. Holter, who
    the first to apply this technique in 1961. This method of functional
    diagnosis, through which the daily record of the electrocardiogram (ECG), a few leads. ECG recording is conducted continuously for 24 hours.

    ECG by phone

    ECG
    on the phone allows you to transfer an electrocardiogram from anywhere
    globe, where there is a telephone connection. Patients have at their
    disposal of portable devices that allow to register and
    transfer to the center of the remote cardiac diagnostics (TSUKD) on
    telephone lines of an electrocardiogram (ECG). Experienced doctors TSUKD
    analyze the data obtained will be given an electrocardiogram and immediate recommendations
    patient.



    Methods of treatment of arrhythmia

    arrhythmia treatment with drug therapy

    cardiac arrhythmiahow
    Generally, treatment begins with a destination arrhythmia antiarrhythmic
    drugs. In some cases this can significantly reduce the
    symptoms of arrhythmia.

    Radiofrequency ablation (ablation) arrhythmia

    Radiofrequency
    ablation (ablation) - a minimally invasive prtseduru that
    It allows using small punctures completely cure the arrhythmia.

    Pacemaker (pacemaker, pacemaker)


    pacemaker
    (Pacemaker, pacemaker) or artificial pacemaker -
    Medical device designed to maintain heart rhythm.
    The main objective is to maintain a pacemaker or
    the imposition of the heart rate to a patient whose heart
    It beats often enough (bradycardia), or there is a blockage of the
    between the atria and ventricles (atrioventricular block).

    Cardioverter-defibrillator

    A bunch of
    people die from sudden cardiac arrest in their daily lives.
    Cardiac arrest is often caused by ventricular arrhythmias, which are
    Most cases can be interrupted by pacing and
    defibrillation.

    Combined treatment of arrhythmia

    It combines all previously described methods for the treatment of arrhythmia.

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