Angina - Symptoms, classification, diagnosis and treatment

Content


Angina hurt everyone. This is the most common colds. Most people believe the most innocuous tonsillitis sore. Is it so?


What is angina?

What is angina?The human immune system protects the body frompathogens. It consists of a number of immune cells and organs. Lymphoid tissue containing immune cells form clusters - the amygdala. Palatine and pharyngeal tonsils - the body's first line of defense against infections.

Angina, or acute tonsillitis (from the Latin. Tonsilla - «amygdala"), - inflammation of the tonsils that occurs due to an upper respiratory infection. Normally these glands intercept pathogens, preventing them from spreading throughout the body. In some extent, sore throat - a useful thing. But this is not always the case.


Causes of tonsillitis

Tonsillitis can cause a large group of bacteria,fungi and viruses. Healthy tonsils transmit information about the infection to other immune cells responsible for antibody production. Source of infection caused by group A streptococcus, causes rheumatism.


Classification of tonsillitis

1. Acute tonsillitis or sore throat:

  • catarrhal form;
  • lacunar form;
  • follicular form;
  • fibrinous;
  • abscess.

2. Chronic tonsillitis:

  • compensated form;
  • decompensated form.


Angina: symptoms of acute inflammation of the tonsils

If the patient complains of sore throat:

  • sore throat, worse when swallowing;
  • temperature rise, sometimes significant digits;
  • cough;
  • muscle pain, joint pain, headaches;
  • weakness, malaise;
  • swollen lymph nodes in the neck;
  • change of voice.

Visual inspection of the tonsils and soft palateswollen, red. On the mucous glands (lacunar angina) or in the lumen of the gaps - pus (tonsillitis), fibrinous plaque. Purulent angina indicates a weak immunity.

In healthy individuals the disease runs forseveral days without treatment, or such. In debilitated patients with more severe disease. Possible complications - acute otitis media, inflammation of the sinuses, tonsillogenic sepsis, cellulitis or abscess surrounding tissues of the neck.

Sore throat in children

In early childhood disease oftenproceeds with high fever, chills, cough, intoxication. In severe cases, inflammation goes down below, leading to swelling of the mucous membrane of the pharynx and larynx. There are acute attacks of breathlessness, lack of air. Condition requires immediate medical attention.


Diagnosis of angina

Diagnosis of angina is not difficult,especially for the otolaryngologist. Bacteriological examination of pathogens allows the pathogen to establish, determine sensitivity to antibiotics. For this throat swab taken from inoculation material on nutrient media.

Severe prolonged angina may be a sign of serious illness: AIDS, leukemia and others.


Treatment of angina or acute tonsillitis

Treatment of angina or acute tonsillitisWhen angina treatment strategy chosen on the basis ofthe patient's condition. If the disease is caused by a viral infection - antibiotics are not assigned. If flows with minimal disease symptoms without severe toxicity and high temperature in these preparations is also not necessary.

Antibiotics for sore throat prescribed by a doctor. The funds are mainly used penicillin and cephalosporin. In severe cases, prescription of antibacterial drugs is preferably in injectable form.

It is advisable to treat sore throats in children andAdults with carrying out bacteriological analysis. In this case, higher efficiency of treatment. Do not interrupt the course after the improvement. Rational use of antibiotics prescribed to take the drug for at least 5-6 days.

Be sure to use local antiseptics. In severe and prolonged cases is used adjuvants. anti-inflammatory drugs used to relieve symptoms.

Treat sore throat need. Without adequate therapy, the disease becomes chronic. Chronic tonsillitis - a serious illness. It is a factor in many diseases - from rheumatism to pregnancy pathologies. In this form of the amygdala fail to fulfill a protective function and become a source of chronic intoxication, and a hotbed of infection.

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