Symptoms and treatment of sinusitis in adults and children


Sinusitis, or inflammation calledmaxillary sinus, is often a complication of acute respiratory infections. Perhaps the appearance of the disease due to the transmission of micro-organisms from diseased teeth. But whatever the mechanism of the disease, the symptoms of sinusitis should know to respond quickly to the onset of the disease.

Symptoms of acute sinusitis

Acute sinusitis, the symptoms in children andAdults do not differ much from each other, often develops as a result of penetration into the sinus germs from the nose. Usually the disease is preceded by acute respiratory infection. Due to the swelling of the nasal mucosa occurs closing the mouth of the maxillary sinus. As a result of the stagnation in it of mucus, bacteria begin to develop rapidly, causing disease clinic.

In the first place there is the difficulty of nasalbreathing on the affected side. Parallel to this, from the nose stands out mucous or muco-purulent secretion in large quantities. After blowing the nose breathing situation has not improved - it is an indirect sign of involvement in the pathological process in the nose of his sinuses.

The main feature is still pulling,aching, arching pain typical localization - left or right side of the nose. Sometimes it pays to the temple, or even in all the relevant half of the face. When tilting the head forward pain intensified.

When probing the area of ​​the affected sinusthe patient feels pain. The doctor in this case may reveal soft tissue swelling, which indicates the spread of inflammation, ie the accession of complications.

Common symptoms of intoxication caused by productsactivity of microorganisms and decay of tissue in the case of purulent process. The patient temperature rises to 38 degrees or more. The patient feels a general malaise, severe weakness to a state of "weakness", loss of appetite.

Acute maxillary sinusitis due to inadequate or delayed treatment may cause a variety of complications, one of which is a chronic process.

Chronic sinusitis: symptoms

Symptoms of chronic sinusitis are generally similar to acute manifestations, but are still a number of features. Clinical disease depends on the period - exacerbation or remission.

In a state of aggravation of the patient increasestemperature, increased mucus secretion. Nasal congestion can reach a maximum, and the use of full vasoconstrictor effect does not drop. There is pain in the respective sinuses, increasing at an inclination of the head, or physical exertion. There are headaches. Adverse symptoms at the bilateral process is the loss of sense of smell (anosmia).

Shortness of breath entails and signs of other organs - dry mouth, nasal intermittent ear, hearing loss.

In remission acute effects subside. There are only a meager allocation from a nose that continues steadily. It is noted the presence of crusts in the nose after sleep associated with streaming content over night sinuses. The pain subsides, so the patient to the doctor usually does not apply in this period.

Treatment for sinusitis: conservative and surgical methods

Treatment for sinusitis: conservative and surgical methodssinusitis Treatment usually begins with the application ofmedicines. Use powerful antibiotics, and before the start of the struggle with the disease, it is desirable to be tested for the sensitivity of the pathogen to the drug. In addition to antimicrobial agents used antihistamines, antifungals.

An important element of conservative treatment is the use of vasoconstrictive drops. These drugs reduce swelling of the nasal mucosa, improving the discharge of mucus from the sinuses.

By the operational methods of recourse whenthe ineffectiveness of drug therapy. Use a small surgery elements - puncture with drainage of the sinuses. This method is considered the most gentle and quite effective.

With the ineffectiveness of repeated punctures, as well asin some forms of sinusitis, the doctors decided to apply the full surgery. The sinuses are opened, all of their content is cleaned. Then the cavity is treated with antiseptics and antibiotics and closed. The sinus drainage is introduced to improve the outflow from it.

Features sinusitis symptoms in children

Especial symptoms of sinusitis in children virtuallyno. However, the disease, they may vary. This is due to the frequent presence of adenoids in children, which in itself impair breathing. Not immediately, but these growths obstruct the ventilation of the sinuses, leading to the development of sinusitis. Therefore, treatment of adenoids should begin as soon as possible.

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