Allergic rhinitis - this
allergic inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Thus there
runny nose, sneezing, and nasal mucosa swelling, itching. Allergic rhinitis often
most common in children, adolescents and young adults. There are two
the type of allergic rhinitis: seasonal (hay fever or allergy to pollen) And round (reaction to household allergens: house dust, animals, etc).
Rhinitis occurs when the contact allergens (grass pollen, plants
and trees, house dust, etc) in the eyes and nasal passages
Human sensitivity to allergens.
seasonal rhinitis appear only at certain times of the year, during
flowering. The characteristic symptoms are: itching, redness of the eye
and watery eyes; itchy nose / throat / hard palate; sneezing; release
from the nose (rhinorrhea); nasal congestion. These symptoms may lead
to the emergence of irritability, headaches, sleep disorders, fatigue
and even depression. The symptoms of perennial rhinitis are less pronounced,
but they are constant throughout the year and deliver a constant
Diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis
The diagnosis is established LORom or allergist
during inspection and rasprosy patient the nature of his disease. The doctor also
order tests, including blood and urine tests, x-rays of the sinuses
nose. To establish the allergen usually put allergological skin samples
with samples of pollen in the region or household allergens.
Allergen can determine and use the laboratory analysis of blood,
exposing an antibody thereto.
Treatment is carried out under the supervision of
physician. The most important thing in the treatment - to find out the cause of allergies
and as far as possible to avoid contact with the allergen. It is not always
perhaps. Therefore, most often the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory
and allergy medications that relieve symptoms completely
An effective method of treatment is
allergen specific immunotherapy. To do this, a patient's skin
administered more concentrated solutions of allergen during
several weeks. This gradual introduction causes the body
to produce a kind of antidote. Carry out specific
immunotherapy in advance to the beginning, for example, flowering
sensitivity to specific pollens become minimal. This
the method is not suitable for the slightest sign of aggravation. Besides,
holding such therapy requires patience: to achieve stable
results must be spent, as a rule, at least three years.
Prevention of rhinitis
contact with pollen - the best way to prevent seasonal
allergic rhinitis. Ideal - to go to the flowering period
Allergens of plants in different climate zone. For residents of the middle
Russian band may be, for example, the Baltic States, southern coast of Crimea
or the Russian North, where the flowering takes place at a different time: a little earlier
or conversely later.
If this is not possible, it should comply with the following recommendations:
- Refrain from walking in forests and parks, trips out of town.
- Do not open windows and doors in an apartment or office.
room after the rain, at night and when there is no wind. In an open window, or
the door can be hung well soaked sheet or gauze in several
- The highest concentration of pollen in the air is observed
early in the morning and in the dry hot days, so during this time period is particularly
it is not recommended to go out. After returning from the street should be
- Take a shower at least twice a day. Be sure to wash your hair.
- Close the windows in the car when traveling, especially in the countryside.
- Do not dry after washing things on the street (on the balcony), as pollen settles on them.
- Daily wet cleaning in the apartment.
- It is recommended to use air purifiers, the use of the air conditioner with the outlet air filters.
medication prescribed by the doctor, and keep a diary of their condition, it is
It helps your doctor to prevent allergy in the future.
The prevention of perennial allergic rhinitis is
to reduce the likelihood of exposure to allergens (pet hair
animals, dust, etc.).