What is allergic rhinitis

Content

  • nasal allergy
  • Diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis
  • Prevention of rhinitis



  • nasal allergy

    Allergic rhinitis - this
    allergic inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Thus there
    runny nose, sneezing, and nasal mucosa swelling, itching. Allergic rhinitis often
    most common in children, adolescents and young adults. There are two
    the type of allergic rhinitis: seasonal (hay fever or allergy to pollen) And round (reaction to household allergens: house dust, animals, etc).

    Allergic
    Rhinitis occurs when the contact allergens (grass pollen, plants
    and trees, house dust, etc) in the eyes and nasal passages
    Human sensitivity to allergens.

    symptoms
    seasonal rhinitis appear only at certain times of the year, during
    flowering. The characteristic symptoms are: itching, redness of the eye
    and watery eyes; itchy nose / throat / hard palate; sneezing; release
    from the nose (rhinorrhea); nasal congestion. These symptoms may lead
    to the emergence of irritability, headaches, sleep disorders, fatigue
    and even depression. The symptoms of perennial rhinitis are less pronounced,
    but they are constant throughout the year and deliver a constant
    anxiety.



    Diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis

    What is allergic rhinitis
    The diagnosis is established LORom or allergist
    during inspection and rasprosy patient the nature of his disease. The doctor also
    order tests, including blood and urine tests, x-rays of the sinuses
    nose. To establish the allergen usually put allergological skin samples
    with samples of pollen in the region or household allergens.
    Allergen can determine and use the laboratory analysis of blood,
    exposing an antibody thereto.

    Treatment is carried out under the supervision of
    physician. The most important thing in the treatment - to find out the cause of allergies
    and as far as possible to avoid contact with the allergen. It is not always
    perhaps. Therefore, most often the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory
    and allergy medications that relieve symptoms completely
    allergic rhinitis.

    An effective method of treatment is
    allergen specific immunotherapy. To do this, a patient's skin
    administered more concentrated solutions of allergen during
    several weeks. This gradual introduction causes the body
    to produce a kind of antidote. Carry out specific
    immunotherapy in advance to the beginning, for example, flowering
    sensitivity to specific pollens become minimal. This
    the method is not suitable for the slightest sign of aggravation. Besides,
    holding such therapy requires patience: to achieve stable
    results must be spent, as a rule, at least three years.



    Prevention of rhinitis

    An exception
    contact with pollen - the best way to prevent seasonal
    allergic rhinitis. Ideal - to go to the flowering period
    Allergens of plants in different climate zone. For residents of the middle
    Russian band may be, for example, the Baltic States, southern coast of Crimea
    or the Russian North, where the flowering takes place at a different time: a little earlier
    or conversely later.

    If this is not possible, it should comply with the following recommendations:

    • Refrain from walking in forests and parks, trips out of town.
    • Do not open windows and doors in an apartment or office.
    • Ventilate
      room after the rain, at night and when there is no wind. In an open window, or
      the door can be hung well soaked sheet or gauze in several
      layers.
    • The highest concentration of pollen in the air is observed
      early in the morning and in the dry hot days, so during this time period is particularly
      it is not recommended to go out. After returning from the street should be
      change clothes.
    • Take a shower at least twice a day. Be sure to wash your hair.
    • Close the windows in the car when traveling, especially in the countryside.
    • Do not dry after washing things on the street (on the balcony), as pollen settles on them.
    • Daily wet cleaning in the apartment.
    • It is recommended to use air purifiers, the use of the air conditioner with the outlet air filters.
    • take
      medication prescribed by the doctor, and keep a diary of their condition, it is
      It helps your doctor to prevent allergy in the future.

    Similarly,
    The prevention of perennial allergic rhinitis is
    to reduce the likelihood of exposure to allergens (pet hair
    animals, dust, etc.).

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