Stomatitis is a disease characterized byinflammation of the oral mucosa. It causes the patient discomfort, pain of varying degrees, deterioration in the quality of life. Our site talks about the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of stomatitis.
Causes of stomatitis
As a general rule, to establish the cause of thethis disease is problematic. It is believed that stomatitis - a disease of dirty hands and suffer him only small children. Both of these statements are false. Ill stomatitis any person, regardless of age. Just because it is unformed child immunity toddlers from birth to three years old often suffer from stomatitis.
The list of possible causes of stomatitis is as follows:
- inadequate oral hygiene (plaque, damaged teeth - perfect breeding ground for pathogenic microflora);
- mucosal injury ( "zakusyvanie" cheeks or tongue, burns from hot food, scratches on pieces of teeth, etc.);
- beriberi (lack of B vitamins), unbalanced diet;
- a general decline in immunity, stress conditions;
- allergic reaction to foods or medications;
- abuse of alcohol and tobacco;
- various blood diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, endocrine disorders;
- viruses and bacteria.
Some studies suggest thateven toothpaste containing sodium lauryl sulfate (a strong detergent, allergen) can damage the lining of the mouth and cause the appearance of stomatitis.
Types and symptoms of stomatitis
Depending on the underlying cause stomatitis divided into:
- traumatic (develops due to physical or chemical injury mucosa);
- infection (caused by various bacteria, viruses or fungi);
- specific (it is a symptom of a particular disease - tuberculosis or syphilis);
- symptomatic (triggered by a variety of common diseases).
There is a classification of clinical manifestations:
catarrhal stomatitis - The most common form of stomatitis. Its appearance usually leads poor oral hygiene.
Symptoms: mucous membrane of the mouth becomes inflamed, swells (mucosal visible "imprints of teeth"), there are painful sensations when making food. There are recurrent bleeding gums, notable halitosis. Visible defects mucosa (ulcer) is not observed.
Ulcerative stomatitis - Usually develops in the background running catarrhal form. They also suffer from people with chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (colitis, gastritis, duodenitis).
Symptoms on the mucosa one or more painful ulcerations are formed, covered with a gray coating. The mucous membrane is affected throughout its thickness. Eating becomes painfully painful, especially with numerous ulcers. This type of stomatitis is accompanied by an increase in body temperature and an increase in lymph nodes under the lower jaw.
thrush - Is characterized by a gradual increase in the number of AFL - sores right round (sometimes oval) shape, with a bright red "border", covered with gray bloom.
An important condition for the rapid recovery is correctly matched and timely initiation of treatment. On average, treatment lasts from four days to two weeks. Very important is a holistic approach.
First, it is important to find out the cause, provokethe appearance of the disease. If there is a worsening of chronic gastrointestinal disease, should consult a gastroenterologist. With regard to the treatment of stomatitis, it boils down to:
- local therapy - the rinsing, washing, watering of the mouth, application of special ointments;
- general therapy - the use of antibiotics orantiviral drugs (depending on the type of stomatitis), strengthening the immune system (vitamin complexes, immunomodulators), antihistamines (to prevent swelling of the mucous).
I would like to talk more about the localtherapy. Or rather, about self-medication. Do not rely on traditional recipes from the Internet and to be treated yourself. In the treatment of stomatitis is important to establish and eliminate the cause of the disease, without any of the treatment will be ineffective. And with your pain, delay the campaign to the doctor should not be!
Most often are assigned mouth rinseherbal decoctions, irrigation mucous antiseptic sprays (antimicrobials) with the anesthetic effect (Orasept), the use of antiviral (oxolinic ointment) and wound healing agents (sea buckthorn oil). In each case, the doctor assigns an individual treatment regimen.
To alleviate his condition, avoiddrinking acidic, cold or hot drinks, do not eat solid food. A week will have to "sit" on a diet by eating food in a shabby (soups, cereals). Change your toothpaste - ask at the pharmacy (preferably from your dentist) toothpaste without sodium lauryl. This paste will not irritate and accelerate recovery.
Treatment of stomatitis in children
If we talk about stomatitis in children, hetriggered by bacteria (dirty hands, lack of hygiene of the oral cavity) or viruses (herpes simplex virus or influenza), which is the background of the unformed immunity leads to painful and prolonged course of recovery. It is important to understand that the main concern of parents in the treatment of stomatitis is reduced not only to carry out the doctor's recommendations. The main thing - to create conditions in which saliva is produced in sufficient quantity (cool air in the room, high humidity) and abundant water baby. When stomatitis in children is a severe intoxication, so without copious drinking toddler becomes sluggish, increase the threat of dehydration. Some pediatricians say that, subject to the above mode (cool, humid in the room, plus plenty of drink), even without additional treatment stomatitis passes for 4-5 days.
In order not to "meet" with this insidiousdisease, you need to observe good personal hygiene - in a timely manner to treat the teeth, clean them twice a day, wash your hands, fruits and vegetables with soap and water. In addition, it is important to eat a balanced (especially products that contain vitamins B and C), to avoid injuries mucosa, sparing use of toothpaste.