There are three main types of diabetes: diabetes type I (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus - IDDM); Type II diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus - NIDDM); diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes).
Diabetes mellitus type I (also known asinsulin-dependent diabetes (diabetes mellitus), or juvenile diabetes) - autoimmune disease organism. An autoimmune disease develops because the body's immune system begins to fight with a certain part of the body. In diabetes, the immune system is "attack" on the pancreatic beta cells that produce insulin, and systematically destroys them. After such attacks the immune system of the pancreas virtually stops the production of insulin or produces it in insufficient quantities.
Life IDDM patients depends on daily injectionsinsulin. Currently, scientists do not know the reasons for such behavior of the immune system attack on the pancreatic beta cells, but they believe that the development of diabetes is influenced by both genetic factors and viruses.
Type I diabetes usually occurs in children andyoung people, but the disease can also develop in older age. IDDM symptoms usually appear quite quickly, although the destruction of beta cells begins a few years before the onset of symptoms.
The most common symptoms of IDDM: constant thirst, frequent urination, insatiable hunger, rapid weight loss, blurred vision, and fatigue and exhaustion. Lack of timely diagnosis and treatment can lead to coma, life-threatening.
Type II diabetes (also known asinsulin dependent diabetes mellitus or NIDDM) - the most common type of diabetes. Approximately 90-95% of all patients with diabetes is type II diabetes. This type of diabetes usually develops in adults over age 40 and is most common among people over age 55. About 80% of patients with NIDDM suffering from obesity and completeness. In Russia in 2001 there were more than 2 million patients with diabetes, of whom about 1,775,000 suffered from type II diabetes.
When the pancreas produces NIDDMinsulin, however, for whatever reason, the body can not use it effectively. Ultimately, NIDDM is not unlike IDDM: the same unhealthy accumulation of sugar in the blood and the body's inability to effectively use the main source of energy.
NIDDM Symptoms appear gradually, withtime, they are not so noticeable as IDDM symptoms. The most common symptoms include a feeling of constant fatigue or general pain, frequent urination (especially at night), unusual thirst, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections, slow healing of wounds.
Diabetes during pregnancy, or gestational diabetesdevelops or is diagnosed during pregnancy. This type of diabetes usually disappears after childbirth, but women who have experienced during pregnancy, gestational diabetes are at greater risk of developing NIDDM later.