- The aggravation of gastric ulcers as the stage of the disease
- Causes of acute gastric ulcer
- Pain - the main symptom of an exacerbation
- What an exacerbation of gastric ulcers?
Peptic ulcer - chronica disease that develops as a result of many causes of violation of the neuro-hormonal regulation of gastric digestion and causes the formation of ulcers in the stomach, and often in the duodenum.
Peptic ulcer disease occurs in waves, periodsaggravation of gastric ulcers alternate with periods of light when the number of complaints of the patient is reduced to a minimum, and the ulcer heals itself, disappears without a trace, or leave a scar.
In mild exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease may occur every 1-3 years, take place fairly easily, stoped during the week, and the symptoms disappear completely with the healing of ulcers.
In the case of moderate flow of peptic ulcerrecurrent ulcers occur at least twice a year, accompanied by extremely painful symptoms that may persist even two weeks with proper treatment. Inflammation can capture all of the stomach tissue, sometimes there are bleeding ulcer.
Severe peptic ulcer doctorsascertain with recurrent ulcers more than twice a year, severe weight loss and symptoms of the patient, the event of complications such as bleeding, breakthrough of the stomach wall (ulcer perforation), the germination of an ulcer in other organs (penetration) and its degeneration into cancer (malignancy).
ulcer formation in the stomach wall due to thedamaging effects on her digestive enzymes, hydrochloric acid and Helicobacter pylori. The preponderance of these factors on the gastric defense mechanisms resulting in damage to its mucous and defect formation.
The cause of acute gastric ulcers oftenare errors in diet and alcohol intake. Violation diet, eating spicy, salty, smoked, spicy, rough, hot food and alcoholic beverages leads to irritation of the stomach lining and the formation of ulcers. Smoking as a provocation factor also plays a role.
From standstill ulcer can leademotional stress, disturbing neural mechanisms of regulation of gastric secretion and motility. It affects and excessive physical exertion, accompanied by the release of catecholamines.
Sometimes the cause of acute medication becomes particularly non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents having pronounced ulcerogenic action.
Acute gastric ulcer oftenThey have a clear seasonality and tied to the Spring and Autumn Period. Fluctuations affect the barometer and temperature, flash SARS, reorganization of the endocrine system, violating the body's defense system. That is why in the dangerous period of all the "ulcer" are advised to organize work and rest, to review the food in the direction of tightening a medical diet, consult a doctor and undergo preventive therapy.
If exacerbation of gastric ulcers has already happened, notit is impossible to notice. The main clinical symptom and the most painful - pain. The rest of the manifestations of the disease only complement it and come to the fore only with a decrease in pain.
human stomach, while generally resembles bag has different compartments with specific functions, so ulcer symptoms vary depending on the place of appearance.
Ulcer cardia of the stomach, locatednear the site of the confluence of the esophagus into the stomach, manifested aching pain in the stomach that occurs immediately after eating, especially eating spicy and hot food. Pain sometimes gives to the heart, difficult to diagnose peptic ulcer disease, and only the appearance of persistent heartburn, acid regurgitation of stomach contents, inclines toward the ulcer.
Aggravation of the ulcer, located in the body and in the bottomstomach, that is, in its middle section, leading to a dull ache in the stomach on an empty stomach or 30-40 minutes after eating. Belching and heartburn are rare, the language appears a thick gray-white coating.
Ulcer output, pyloric, stomach,appears in place of its transition into the duodenum, accompanied by severe pain in the epigastric region, occurring 3-4 hours after a meal. Often the patients concerned and night hungry stomach pains that settle down after a meal, especially milk. Along with the pain bother heartburn, acid regurgitation, vomiting sometimes occur, bringing some relief.
First of all, it is important to recognize the need for hospitalization: treat stomach ulcers should be in the hospital under medical supervision.
Attention! Do not engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment. Symptoms similar to peptic ulcer disease have many abdominal e.g. pancreatitis, cholecystitis, in some cases under masked ulcers myocardial infarction. Timely access to a doctor - the only way to sort out this confusion and to prevent serious consequences.
A strict diet is shown with the first days of aggravationpeptic ulcer disease. Meals should be as chemically, thermally and mechanically gentle, so as not to irritate the already suffering from the stomach. Excluded are all sharp, spicy, sour, salty, sweet, solid food, tea, coffee and soft drinks, fruit and vegetables are only shown in boiled and mashed form. Eating small meals should be 5-6 times a day. The diet must be followed for 3-4 months until the ulcer is not delayed and the gastric mucosa is not fully restored.
Drug treatment of peptic ulcer disease is aimed at regulating the secretory function of the stomach, his defense of the aggressive factors, the creation of conditions for the rapid restoration of the mucosa.
Attention! Medicines for gastric, including painkillers, can be taken only on prescription.