Gastritis - an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach - canbe acute or chronic. This is the most common disease of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The disease can be triggered by stressful situations, the influence of bacteria, mode disturbances and quality of food, alcohol and smoking. Among the reasons for its development also includes internal poisoning of the body with kidney disease and gout, harmful work related to the coal and metal dust, and immeasurable medication. If time does not take such treatment of inflammation of the mucous membrane, it is possible to "earn" an ulcer, bleeding and even stomach cancer.
Among the first signs of gastritis include:
- discomfort and pain in the upper part of the peritoneum;
- heartburn and "sour" burp;
- white tongue;
- unstable stools, nausea and vomiting;
- raising the temperature to 37 ° C.
Symptoms of acute gastritis
Acute gastritis occurs suddenly when exposedstrong stimuli, runs hard and can be accompanied by the appearance of erosions of the stomach and bleeding. This form of the disease occurs due to excessive consumption of alcohol, toxic substances and certain medications, radiation injury, and as a complication of severe diseases, and certain infections. The symptoms of acute inflammation of the gastric mucosa are:
- a feeling of heaviness, and diarrhea;
- nausea and vomiting;
- pale skin, dizziness, and weakness;
- excessive salivation or dry mouth;
- pain on palpation of the stomach.
Treatment of acute gastritis
First we need to clean the intestines and stomach. If there is an infection, there shall be absorbent and antibacterial agents (e.g., activated carbon). To cope with the sharp pains help antispasmodics. In the case of allergic acute gastritis use antihistamines. The correct step in achieving success in the treatment of the disease will be subject to the special diet. During the attack, to relieve pain, take the position of the embryo or place a warm heating pad on the stomach.
Symptoms of chronic gastritis
Chronic gastritis can be a consequence ofthe acute form, and independent disease. In addition to abdominal pain, a patient characterized by general ill and weak. Symptoms of this form are as follows:
- heaviness in the stomach after meal (for several hours);
- poor appetite and heartburn;
- an unstable chair, and poor digestion of food;
- belching smelly.
Gastritis with high acidity is thenHe is accompanied by constipation and frequent belching with a sour taste. Diseases with low acidity corresponds morning burping, unpleasant taste in the mouth and in the stomach rumbling.
The cause of chronic gastritis in mostcases is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. But it can be caused by internal factors of the body and then divided into three types: A, B and C. A Gastritis - an autoimmune disease, which is characterized by a tendency to diarrhea and a metallic taste in the mouth. This type prevents the absorption of vitamin B12. The most serious complication of it - a cancer of the stomach. Gastritis in - the result of infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, is characterized by pain on an empty stomach and a tendency to constipation. It may trigger the development of gastric and duodenal ulcers. Gastritis C - the most rare, occurs when the contact back into the stomach contents of the duodenum.
Treatment of chronic gastritis
It is necessary to strictly follow the diet, taking medications that normalize the acidity of gastric juice and reducing the gastric mucosa, as well as antibiotics.
Before you begin treatment, diagnose, to accurately determine the presence of disease.