Unfortunately, doctors ascertain the fact that the increase in the incidence of syphilis is so high that in some time the disease may take epidemic proportions.
There are direct and indirect ways of transmission of syphilis. Direct - sexual way, kissing, blood transfusion infected person, intrauterine infection of pregnant woman baby. Possible indirect route of infection - through items that were in contact with syphilis: shared towels, toothbrushes, washcloths. In 95% of cases of syphilis transmitted is through sexual contact. It causes disease bacterium Treponema pallidum (Treponema).
The complexity of its cure due to the fact that the disease has a rather long and to recognize it during the initial stages is not always possible.
Venereology are three periods of syphilis
Primary syphilis can have incubationperiod up to 4 weeks, but sometimes it is sharply reduced to 8-15 days, and sometimes vice versa increases to 3 months. The disease may not manifest at first due to the fact that people taking antibiotics. If so, that syphilis can and does pass this initial stage.
At the first stage the bacterium Treponema pallidum leadshis work in the body. Soon there is a chancre - ulcer affecting the genitals, anus, and sometimes the gums and tongue. It was then that syphilis is detected and should start immediate treatment. If the patient does not go to the doctor, without giving importance to such defeats, they disappear after a while, but the bacteria continues to spread in the body, which means that treatment will be longer.
Secondary syphilis can not be ignoredhard not to notice. The patient experiences a constant weakness, fatigue, headache, weakened immune system, the temperature rises. At this stage there is roseola - small, flat, red spots on the hands, feet and spine. Sometimes roseola confused with allergies, because up to 3 months it does not bother the patient. At the end of the hair starts to fall. After having a plaque roseola other nature, gray or bright red, affecting the mucous membranes. Lymph nodes are increased, compressed, become painful to the touch. Ends of the second period of the advent of syphiloderm - rash on the hands, feet, genitals, in the mouth. Can hair began to fall - so-called sifilisnoy baldness. Begins to affect internal organs, endocrine system, bones and teeth.
During the period may occur secondary syphilis,when all the symptoms seemed to disappear, nothing more worries. However, it is very deceptive condition if treatment has not started, comes the third, the most difficult period, which is characterized by lesions of the internal organs, is captured by the nervous system. Tertiary syphilis develops in 3-5 years after the bacteria enter the body. The patient appears sifilidnye gumma - precipitation in the form of tubercles. These bumps are often spherical in shape and relatively large size (about a hazelnut). If the bump is softened with time, formed sifilidnaya ulcer in his place. At this time there is already tissue damage organs, even affecting the bones of the skull. Untreated tertiary syphilis leads to irreversible consequences. Fortunately Tertiary today - a rare phenomenon.
Treatment of syphilis
Timely detection of the disease, rightorganized therapy - a chance to quickly and completely get rid of syphilis. The most successful disease is treatable with a water-soluble penicillin, which allows you to keep the patient's blood in a large number of antibiotics. This treatment should be carried out only in a hospital, as administered drugs should be every three hours for about 25 days.