Question №1. How STDs are transmitted?
Sexually transmitted diseasestransmitted during close physical contact, as well as during sexual intercourse. Some sexually transmitted diseases (such as HIV / AIDS, hepatitis B and C) can also be transmitted through contact with contaminated blood.
Question №2. What is the difference between sexually transmitted diseases and sexually transmitted diseases through?
No difference there. Both of these names mean transmitted diseases during intercourse. So even happened in antiquity, that gonorrhea, syphilis and some other, then known diseases, was named after the goddess of love Venus. That is why for several centuries, there is the term "venereal disease".
Thanks to the ancient view of sex, which,Unfortunately, it meets today, sexually transmitted disease known as "shameful." Sometimes the word is pronounced, even with fear. In today's society, sex is recognized as an essential part of a full life. In addition, over the past decade, doctors have found that many other infectious diseases can be transmitted including sexually. That's why most experts prefer to call these diseases or genital infections, sexually transmitted diseases.
Question №3. What is special about infections, sexually transmitted infections?
The peculiarity of sexually transmitted diseasesway, is that if they are not treated or treated properly, they become chronic, latent form and cause irreversible loss of health, such as sterility, that is, the inability to have children. It is important that the doctor could diagnose and begin to treat the disease, sexually transmitted, as soon as possible.
Mother during pregnancy can pass the infection to their unborn child. The baby can become infected during delivery. It is always important to remember, especially expectant mothers.
Question №4. Who can get an STD?
Infected with sexually transmitted diseaseway anyone can sexually active people. If you have sexual contact with a sick partner, you too can become infected. The more often you change partners and do not use safety means, the more you risk to become infected themselves and of infecting others.
But you have to remember that even in those cases,when your relationship, or your relationship with your partner long-term, it is possible that one of you does not notice signs of illness. This can happen because some infections do not cause any symptoms sometimes months or even years. Maybe you have caught your previous alliance and still carry the infection without knowing themselves about it. It may also happen that you do not know about it, we have infected your partner, and that is not you, but he or she noticed signs of illness. Therefore, until the situation is cleared up, do not make hasty conclusions about the infidelity of their partner.
Question №5. Why teens called STD infection risk group?
Indeed, it is. Nowadays teenagers are the biggest risk group. They often start early sex life, often due to the reluctance differ from their peers, changing sexual partners, engage in sexual contact with unfamiliar faces, exposing themselves to significant risk of infection.
Such early teens start usingalcohol, drugs and other intoxicating substances and playing, which promotes easy change of sexual partners. Often they are infected because they do not know many of the issues of prevention of diseases, sexually transmitted infections, and sometimes - do not want to know. Sometimes teenagers do not have enough money to buy the means of protection against unwanted STDs.
Finally, there are a number of physiologicalfeatures of the younger generation, contributing to a greater likelihood of infection. For example, in girls the cervix is more sensitive to chlamydia and gonococci than adult women.
Question №6. Is it true that women, compared to men, the possibility of contracting an STD more?
Yes it is. Because of the anatomical features in women the risk of contracting diseases, sexually transmitted during sexual intercourse without protective measures more than men. Women in 2 times more likely to become infected with chlamydia during a single sexual intercourse with an infected partner than men in the same situation.
Anatomical features women contributewhat the early signs of the disease often go unnoticed. Due to the lack of treatment of diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, women suffer much more than men. Diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, can lead to infertility. We must always remember that with timely diagnosis and adequate treatment, most women can be treated.
Question №7. Do STDs are curable?
Most diseases are curable. Bacterial infections such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis is treated with antibiotics. In a variety of reasons it happens that the treatment could be without effect in 3% of men and 8% women, although reappointment therapy usually yields the desired result. In diseases, sexually transmitted diseases caused by viruses, such as herpes, the means employed often only alleviate the disease and make it less likely to re-exacerbation. Unfortunately, there are diseases which are currently incurable, such as HIV / AIDS.
Question №8. What happens when you visit the doctor?
In modern facilitiesdermatovenereological and obstetric and gynecological specialists able to treat the disease effectively and, most importantly, - confidential. Do not be afraid to contact the ARC. Unfortunately, KVD is still preserved the reputation shameful places where patients treated tactless. Believe me, it is not so! It has long been outdated old, hard working methods of the dispensary.
When you come to the doctor, he will ask youthe general state of health, the signs of infection and the history of your sex life. These questions - not idle curiosity doctor! There is simply no other way to identify the symptoms of infection and the duration of its existence. After interviewing follow inspection. The doctor will ask you to undress, as he will have to examine the entire skin and genitals.
In men, the doctor will take a sample from the urethra in women -from the urethra, cervix and vagina. In most cases, such a study can respond quickly to the question of whether or not you are infected. Part of the analysis will need to be investigated in the laboratory over a long period of time.
Taking these tests is not painful, but can cause some discomfort. Maybe you will need to take blood from a vein in order to carry out a study on syphilis and HIV / AIDS.
If you are pregnant, you must tellyour doctor. May depend on how the doctor will have samples for analysis and determine the further choice of medication, as some medications may adversely affect the growing fetus.
In some cases, the doctor will tell you at once thanyou are infected and immediately write you a prescription. However, he may ask you to come for a final answer in a few days. It is very important for you to come to the doctor and after the end of the prescribed treatment if the doctor prescribes it. Only after the pilot studies, you can be sure that the treatment failed.
Question №9. Do I need to inform the partner that I have found an STD?
This is a must do. When you are a definitive diagnosis and prescribed treatment is installed, your doctor may ask you to advise checked all his sexual partners that you have had in recent months. This is because they, too, can be infected and should be treated.
Sometimes patients come in pairs toget tested together, in which case they can give moral support to each other. Diseases, sexually transmitted disease is not one but at least two people. Suspecting that you are infected, before the end of examination and treatment should refrain from sexual intercourse.
A very important principle of treatment of these diseases -should be treated together, you and your sexual partners. If one of your sexual partners will not be treated, then after the end of a successful course of treatment you will have a chance to get infected again. Your sexual partner may continue to infect other people if he does not receive timely treatment.
So try to find any meanstheir casual sexual partners. Even the anonymous letter sent to his address, much better than nothing. And remember, any information that you submit a doctor about their sexual partners, will remain confidential.
We hope you have seen that in most cases, you can protect yourself and your sexual partners from infection, sexually transmitted diseases.