Vaccination against hepatitis B and other ways to reduce the risk of infection


Among the viral hepatitis hepatitis B (B)It is the most common. He's very crafty. Most people do not even know they are infected by this pathogen. To protect themselves from infection is difficult, but possible. The main thing - to know how.

How dangerous is hepatitis B virus

Vaccination against hepatitis B and other ways to reduce the risk of infection

Any expert will begin acquaintance with the pathogenHepatitis B with the characteristics of its structure and belonging to a particular family. But for the layman, these data unnecessary and uninformative. Much more important to understand a few other facts:

  1. Hepatitis B virus is very resistant toenvironment. At room temperature, it is able to spend as much as 3 months and at minus - up to six months or more. Not afraid of infection and sunlight, as well as many common disinfectants.
  • Most people infected with the virus, symptomsnot typical or non-existent. They are not even aware that they are carriers. But may infect others. It is proved that it is enough just 0.0005 mL of infected blood for the virus. Chronic hepatitis B may involve life of virus.
  • Hepatitis B is transmitted by contact with blood of an infected person. Pathogen also found in the semen and saliva, but the role of distributing these secrets disease not essential.
  • Infected with hepatitis B can be atsexual contact with a patient, using a nail, surgical, dental instruments, non-sterile syringes, needles for tattooing, body piercing have been in contact with the blood of an infected person. Do not use other people's toothbrushes, combs and sponges. The body can always be small wounds, gums may bleed, which means that there is a high probability of infection. The child can become infected with the virus from the mother during childbirth.
  • The high risk of contracting hepatitis B aredrug addicts, prostitutes, homosexuals and people who frequently change sexual partners and condom neglected. Risk group also includes doctors and technicians working with blood donors and recipients.

  • Diagnosis of the disease. Analysis on Hepatitis B

    Vaccination against hepatitis B and other ways to reduce the risk of infection

    Because the disease often occurs withuncharacteristic symptoms or no them, the fact of the virus in the body can be set only by laboratory tests. Tested for hepatitis B can be in any laboratory, providing relevant services. With the help of modern diagnostic markers are determined by a variety of viruses, as well as to detect the presence of antibodies to the pathogen. This allows doctors to conclude not only held infection, but also the degree of agent activity. In rare cases, patients showed liver biopsy.

    The best prevention - vaccination against hepatitis B

    The most effective way of prevention -vaccine against hepatitis B. The first vaccination against hepatitis B, most children received in the hospital in the first days of life. In accordance with WHO recommendations it should be repeated twice or thrice in combination with other vaccines. This vaccination scheme allows to develop resistance to infection, at least 20 years and probably for life.

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