- How dangerous is hepatitis B virus
- Diagnosis of the disease. Analysis on Hepatitis B
- The best prevention - vaccination against hepatitis B
Among the viral hepatitis hepatitis B (B)It is the most common. He's very crafty. Most people do not even know they are infected by this pathogen. To protect themselves from infection is difficult, but possible. The main thing - to know how.
How dangerous is hepatitis B virus
Any expert will begin acquaintance with the pathogenHepatitis B with the characteristics of its structure and belonging to a particular family. But for the layman, these data unnecessary and uninformative. Much more important to understand a few other facts:
- Hepatitis B virus is very resistant toenvironment. At room temperature, it is able to spend as much as 3 months and at minus - up to six months or more. Not afraid of infection and sunlight, as well as many common disinfectants.
Diagnosis of the disease. Analysis on Hepatitis B
Because the disease often occurs withuncharacteristic symptoms or no them, the fact of the virus in the body can be set only by laboratory tests. Tested for hepatitis B can be in any laboratory, providing relevant services. With the help of modern diagnostic markers are determined by a variety of viruses, as well as to detect the presence of antibodies to the pathogen. This allows doctors to conclude not only held infection, but also the degree of agent activity. In rare cases, patients showed liver biopsy.
The best prevention - vaccination against hepatitis B
The most effective way of prevention -vaccine against hepatitis B. The first vaccination against hepatitis B, most children received in the hospital in the first days of life. In accordance with WHO recommendations it should be repeated twice or thrice in combination with other vaccines. This vaccination scheme allows to develop resistance to infection, at least 20 years and probably for life.