What is an allergy?
Probably not more volatile disease than allergy.
One person at the flowering of some plants will not part with nose
handkerchief, constantly wiping his watery eyes (allergic rhinitis,
conjunctivitis) and sneezing; another upon contact with an allergen in the skin
there are red spots (urticaria), and there is intense itching, and even
more severe symptoms? disordered breathing (angioedema), or even
bronchial asthma attack. Someone from time to time can and does
did not know that he has the disease, when suddenly develops the most
serious manifestation of allergy - anaphylactic shock, which can
even lead to death.
What usually comes our average
people with the appearance of his allergy symptoms? Drinks and suprastin
He is trying to forget that he has some sort of disease, instead of
In order to go to the doctor and begin treatment. Of course, it is nice to feel
the healthy person, but if you do not take care of this illness
in time, the disease will progress, so - to take all
a more aggressive form.
By the way, in our time cause allergic
the reaction may be any substance: dust, insects, latex, household chemicals,
animals, plants, food, drugs, cosmetics, even a cold and sunny
Rays! There are cases when the husband was allergic to dander wife, while
wife - her husband's sperm. The couple had to leave.
However, even if it would be possible to remove from our
life all known allergens, immediately appeared to others. AT
Early last century, horses were the main source of problems for
Allergy. Now place the animals took the car, and the main scourge of steel
"Industrial" allergens - such as substance coming from
air conditioners ... So simple trick suprastin - is not an option. any
the person with the allergy symptoms need to pass the course and examination
treatment to find out where the danger and how to deal with it.
Our first mate - allergist
the best thing that can be done in such a situation, people - when
occurrence of any of the above symptoms of allergy refer to
specialist for the disease - the allergist. He will talk about
what exactly is an allergy and associated diseases, respond to
issues and appoint the required number of inspections. In their subsequent
results will help your doctor find the right medications necessary to
to stop the development of this dangerous disease.
What is an allergy? This "response" of the body
contact with a foreign agent, which is characterized by a disproportionate
"Violent" reaction to a substance. And there is this violent reaction of
through histamine - it in large quantities released into the blood when
contact with the allergen and causes vasodilatation, reddening of the skin and
other intense reactions. The more it is highlighted in the blood,
will be stronger allergy.
Imagine that you are acquainted with a stranger
someone who you do not like. What would you do? rather
just politely smile and he'll try with him
face. If an analogy with an allergy, in this case
man at a meeting with someone unfamiliar issues inadequate "protection"
reaction - instead of the usual handshake begins to scream, run away, fight
hysterical, breaking furniture and smash windows. And when such behavior without
injuries can not do. Similarly, allergic attack
causing harm to the body, and, furthermore, greatly affects the quality of life:
because if a person, for example, the intolerance of some flowering
plants, the opportunity to visit a particular place in the period of their
flowering him anymore. And if not almost all spring has to
sit at home and around the city to move short dashes.
Therefore, one of the treatment goals - to help the body
"Learn" to adequately respond to the allergen. This is very important because
that without such a treatment is too strong reaction to some one
substance may be transformed into so-called polyvalent
allergy - such as allergy occurs once not more substances.
For example, allergies to pet hair in a few months
or years without therapy can go into allergic to wool, house dust,
pollen and paint. Needless to say, in this case
complicate a person's life.
To prevent this from happening in the first place
you need to install a specific allergen - the substance that and
cause allergic reactions. Defined allergens during
special skin tests when the doctor under the skin of the patient leads to solutions
the most common allergens. Depending on the method of
they are carrying out skarifikatsionnye, intradermal, needle.
The procedure resembles the Mantoux test (for tuberculosis), only "pugovok"
We get so much more.
If the skin test for some reason
contraindicated or failed, the doctor will prescribe Immunoassay
analysis. In this study, taking the patient's blood and determining
the presence therein of antibodies to particular substances.
After the allergen is identified, the doctor starts
treatment - will select the most effective techniques and treatment regimens, and
effective - particularly for patients - drugs.
We investigated with allergies
recommend that the doctor - to eliminate contact with an allergen. The less frequently without
proper justification affect the body "annoying"
agent, the less likely that the disease will progress.
The way in which this can be achieved depends on the allergen.
This may be more frequent cleaning of the room (in the case of
house dust) or a balanced diet with the exception of
Allergenic foods - with food allergies.
To prevent repeated attacks of allergic
allergist-immunologist will pick up an individual diet and give detailed
on nutrition recommendations.
There are several different treatments for this
diseases that matched your doctor depending on the allergen,
the severity of symptoms, concomitant diseases, and other factors.
For example, there is a method such as specific immunotherapy (SIT) with
to a patient at regular intervals administered allergen
in very small and gradually rising doses. Through this rigorous
dosing is not provoking the allergic attack, and
a gradual reduction in the severity of allergic manifestations: thus
the body, as it were "taught" calmly react to contact with the
allergen. SIT is well understood and effective, though it can be
not used in all cases.
drugs for the treatment of allergy appeared for a long time. Since they
constantly improved: efficiency increases, and the number of side
Fixed assets, reduces the severity of
Allergies are drugs that weaken the main action
the culprit of an allergy - histamine. All antihistamines
subdivided into three generations, and each of these means occupies
For the treatment of acute manifestations of allergy still
successfully used the first-generation drugs (suprastin, tavegil,
pipolfen). Most often they are used as an "emergency". They
They provide a quick effect, but are short-lived; moreover, they can not
used for a long time.
first generation means have a calming and
soporific effect. Therefore, those whose work requires
concentration, attention and quick decision-making
(Eg when driving a car), they can not be used.
Antihistamines are the second and third
generation (Claritin, loratadine, klarotadin, cetirizine, Telfast, Zyrtec,
sempreks) have many advantages over the first group of drugs. They
almost no effect on the nervous system, does not increase the effect of alcohol and
can be used by people whose work requires more attention.
But in this case to select drugs that they
really benefited, better still with the doctor who
It will help you choose the optimal dosage regimen anddose, direct the immunological studies, make recommendations, if necessary, connect to the treatment of related professionals: at last count, a good effect in the treatment of allergies and give needle-reflexology, Su-Jok therapy and even psychotherapy (psychologists have reason to believe that allergy has a psychosomatic roots).
So the treatments for this, albeit a very
uneasy, disease, pretty much. The main thing - do not give the disease
develop and begin to treat it as early as possible - that is, when
it is easiest to cure.