Cough: Before cure, it is important to understand

Content

  • Why is there a cough?
  • What is a cough?


  • Cough: Before cure, it is important to understandCough
    - One of the most common causes leading to the patient's doctor. But,
    Unfortunately, it is also one of the symptoms, which we prefer to fight
    independently. Usually cough
    associated with the common cold, without even thinking that the reason for his
    It may be another, more serious condition that requires immediate
    medical care.

    "Why" is a cough?

    Cough
    - A protective reaction of the body, most often occurs in response to stimulation
    airway receptors with mucus or got there by a foreign body from the outside,
    at least - in response to reflex excitation of the respiratory centers of the nervous system
    in diseases of the nose and throat, ear canal, pleural membranes pharynx,
    esophagus.

    Cough
    itself is not specific to any particular disease. But
    it is safe to say that most often it occurs in cold
    diseases, they occupy the first place in the ranking of its causes.

    1. Acute respiratory infections (influenza,
      parainfluenza and other acute respiratory viral infection), accompanied by an acute rhinitis, pharyngitis,
      laryngitis, tracheitis.
    2. Chronic upper respiratory diseases
      tract. Cough in chronic sinusitis
      It is also not uncommon.
    3. Chronic nonspecific lung diseases,
      eg, chronic bronchitis, chronic pneumonia, bronchial asthma and others.
    4. Pulmonary tuberculosis.
    5. Lungs' cancer.
    6. Tumors of the lung, pleura, aortic aneurysm,
      mediastinal lymph node enlargement, leading to compression of the bronchial tubes from the outside,
      occurrence of chronic dry
      cough.
    7. And disseminated fibrotic processes in the lung,
      accompanied by the growth of connective tissue and disrupts traffic
      air on the bronchial tree.
    8. Tracheobronchial dyskinesia - a condition
      associated with the violation of tone and spasm of the bronchi and trachea.
    9. Pneumatic and hemothorax - accumulation in the cavity
      pleural air or blood, leading to compression of the lung and reflex
      cough occurrence.
    10. Ingress of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract (y
      Children may go unnoticed).
    11. Whooping cough, severe pneumonia, bronhoadenit children.
    12. Diseases of the circulatory system, leading to
      cardiac insufficiency and stagnation of blood in the lungs.

    What is a cough?

    Frequent and rare, permanent and periodic, weak and
    strong, painless and pain in the abdomen or below the ribs, dry and wet - cough
    It can have a very different picture. Consider his features signs
    particular disease - is the art of the physician.

    Dry,
    nonproductive cough occurs from respiratory tract irritation.
    Sputum is not to cough, and then a cough, in fact, useless
    for the body. This cough
    occurs when laryngotracheitis, bronchitis, early in their development. is he
    barking, rough, coupled with hoarseness, sore throat. Then
    there is scant phlegm, cough gradually becomes wet, that is,
    productive.

    Attack
    strong dry cough can be caused by the inhalation of irritants,
    smoke, hit a foreign body in the respiratory tract. This cough can lead to suffocation,
    accompanied by blueness of the skin, loss of consciousness.

    Periodic
    dry cough, pain under the ribs is typical for pleurisy, chronic dry cough - for mediastinal tumors, the bronchial tubes, sarcoidosis, an aortic aneurysm. In tuberculosis
    lung patient coughs a long time, and a weak surface cough even suggests
    serious illness.

    Wet,
    productive cough is characterized by a dry cough my voice. cough
    complemented by the sounds of noise that arise when moving phlegm. Coughing, wheezing, "gurgling" in the chest,
    which can be heard at a distance, often caused by the accumulation of mucus in bronchitis,
    pneumonia, bronchiectasis, lung abscess. At the same time children and
    weakened patients can not cough up the phlegm out and swallow it, which
    mistake makes you think about a dry cough.

    If phlegm departs easily, it can be assumed that
    «Causal place," is close to the glottis. When pneumonia
    bronchitis mucus moves with difficulty, after prolonged breast-strong cough.

    Cough at
    congestive heart failure and chronic laryngitis is usually permanent and
    It provoked by different smells, temperature changes and humidity.
    Bouts of coughing at night
    It may be a sign of allergies or cardiac asthma, and morning cough more often
    says chronic bronchitis.

    Particular attention should be given to Barking, dry cough in a child, the cause
    which can be whooping cough, sometimes turning into gasp. A series of convulsive
    cough shock gives way to a prolonged whistling breath audible in the distance,
    a cough often leads
    suffocation and requires emergency medical care.

    Attention! not
    each case of occurrence of cough
    It requires in-depth examination, especially if there is other signs of acute
    respiratory infections, but does not pass a cough lasting longer than 3 weeks, although
    treatment, it should be a cause for treatment to the doctor. Before
    treat, it is important to understand the causes of this symptom is so multi-faceted.

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