Fungus skin and internal organs (deep mycoses)
Fungi can affect not only the skin and nails, butand penetrate the body. Fungal diseases of the internal organs are called deep mycosis. The latter may affect virtually all tissues and organs, and take the form of an acute or chronic infection. In some cases, the duration of the flow of mycosis is calculated in months and years, and some of them give relapses throughout life.
Ill deep mycoses not all. The body healthy enough to successfully resist these infections. The most susceptible to deep mycoses people with reduced immunity and chronic diseases - such as bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, diabetes, inflammatory diseases of the genital organs. Sometimes infected people who have had serious operation, - because they have dramatically reduced the body's resistance. Fungal infections can also develop on the background of long-term use of antibiotics.
Types of fungal infections
The most common fungal infections areCandida that causes yeast fungi of the genus Candida (Candida). Most often there is candidiasis of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity and female genital mutilation, which is called thrush. Additionally, Candida can infect the upper respiratory tract, lungs, intestines, and other organs.
The most dangerous and highly contagious deepfungal infections are coccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis. Coccidioidomycosis is most common in the United States (annual sick of about 100 thousand. People) and in Latin America. Infection koktsidioidom occurs by inhalation of dust containing the fungus spores, or through broken skin. The disease occurs with severe skin lesions (abscesses and ulcers are formed) and internal organs (especially the lungs) and may lead to death.
Histoplasmosis is most common in bothAmericas and North Africa. Infection occurs by inhalation of soil dust and spores. Most often it affects the respiratory tract, bone marrow, liver, spleen, lymph nodes. In half of the process captures the skin and mucous membranes with the formation of ulcers and papillomatoznyh growths. In people with normal immune disease it is benign, and is manifested by weakness, fever, cough. Severe disease with possible lethal only characteristic of AIDS.
One of the most common deep mycoses -aspergillosis. It called it kind of Aspergillus fungi, which form a white or greenish mold on rotten wood, chips, vegetables, fruit, bread, home-made, dried fruits, houseplants. Often they are in a residential area with podtekayuschimi pipes, damp walls and ceilings, in ventilation systems and air conditioners. If a person is in such a room, take a deep breath, these fungi spores, dispersed in the air, fall into the bronchi and lungs. As a result, people suffering from serious illnesses or have lowered immunity can be poisoned and can develop Aspergillus mycotoxicosis.
Mycotoxicoses associated with food poisoningvital activity of fungi - mycotoxins. People get sick mycotoxicosis as a result of consumption of grain products, sprouted mold fungi, or other dairy products containing mycotoxins, as well as inhalation of dust with a large number of fungal spores. The defeat of the respiratory tract accompanied by a painful cough, hemoptysis, nausea, vomiting, headache, fever.
There are also other molds mycosis - mukoroz, penitsillioz, fuzariotoksikoz etc.
Protection against infection by mold fungi
How to protect yourself from infection by mold fungi?
- Care should be taken when dismantling the old, dilapidated cottages, with the use of stockpiled construction material. The fungi, settled on the tree, are particularly dangerous.
- Although fungi on food products are less aggressive,however, a small spot of mold on bread should be carefully cut, and if there was mold in several places, bread is better not to use in food.
- Decaying place on an apple can be removed, but the moldy juicy fruit and vegetables - tomatoes, pears, peaches, apricots, especially if there was mold around the stone - will have to be discarded.
- Without hesitation, pour stewed fruit, juices and syrups with spots of mold, but in the jam, jam with a high sugar content enough to remove the top layer of fat.
- You do not eat moldy kernels with a bitter taste stale. It is necessary to abandon the cottage cheese and other dairy products moldy.
- Small spots of mold on the cheese can be removed, andif the mold was formed inside the head, not worth the risk. However, there is cheese, such as Roquefort cheese, which gives a special mold piquant taste, but if you have a fungal infection from such beloved by many gourmets delicacies have to take time off.
Diagnosis and treatment of fungal infections
To self-medicate in this situation is dangerous. Recognize a fungal disease at the beginning of the disease is possible only with timely treatment to the professionals involved in the treatment of diseased organs or systems (gynecologists, gastroenterologists, etc.) or a mycologist - a specialist in fungal infections. Mycological studies allow to specify the nature of the disease, a fungal disease to distinguish from bacterial.
The doctor will select the special antifungala new generation of drugs, restorative procedures and prescribe multivitamin complexes. Often appointed enzymes that improve digestive function, intestinal microflora regulators, cholagogue and drugs that protect the liver.
Along with a large antifungal treatmentSpecial attention is paid to "antifungal" diet. This diet involves the rejection of foods rich in carbohydrates, as a violation of carbohydrate metabolism leading to increased levels of blood sugar and sugar - an excellent environment for fungi. Not recommended pasta dishes from cereals, and all that is prepared using yeast: beer, brew, bubbly, buns, pastries, cakes. Even bread can only have today as the second or third day, it can begin to grow mold.
To at the reception potentmedications to relieve the liver, doctors recommend to refrain from fatty meat (pork, lamb, smoked foods, rich broth, fried foods and meat from ducks and geese). You can leave in the diet veal, beef, chicken, fish in boiled or stewed. It is recommended to eat vegetables, low-fat cottage cheese and sour cream, and dairy products - yogurt and acidophilus.