Where and when ticks bite
For the person most dangerous ticks,which are able to carry a variety of diseases. Infections resulting from a tick bite is very mnogobrazny, the most common - tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease. The lifetime of the tick is usually several years, during which time it undergoes several transformations of the larvae through the nymph into an adult mite. How long live mite is not known, but it is important that he is able to save years of a disease-causing agents.
Ticks are most active during the warmer months,since the end of April and beginning of May and ending in September-October. Therefore, going into this period of time in areas with high risk of tick-borne for thirty or forty days before departure, it is desirable to be vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis. The areas where common tick encephalitis are called endemic tick-borne encephalitis.
Remember that from Tick-borne Encephalitis protectionyour hands. While in the forest, you should try to avoid the damp, shady places with dense undergrowth and herbage, without the need to not climb on young aspen shoots in Malinniki where mites are the most common. Especially a lot of ticks on the edges of forest trails and roads, where they await their prey sitting on branches overhanging small, up to a meter of height, shrubs and grass stems.
For safety reasons, to movepreferably choose light trees without undergrowth and bush, dry pine forests, open meadows and similar places where wind and solar. It ticks a little. In addition, we must remember that ticks are most active in the morning and evening. In hot weather or during heavy rain ticks inactive, which reduces the risk of attack.
To a large extent protected from mites canproperly chosen clothes. Best of all, if the outerwear is made of Bolonev and similar smooth fabrics, which hold mite more complicated than in the rough. The upper jacket, shirt or T-shirt must be tucked into pants or under the elastic strap.
Shirt and pants with fleece better change clothes pileinside to mite it was more difficult to catch on the material. As experience shows, in the hairy tissues can accumulate a huge number of ticks. The bottom of the leg - the most likely route of penetration of the mite on the body. Cuffs leg is necessary to pull the ankle by a gum rope pieces, grass stalk, or tuck into socks. Generally on klescheopasnym areas better to travel in high boots. Cuffs of sleeves should also fasten and pull off at the wrists, or stick gum under the gloves. Head protection hood, and it is better to wear tight-fitting cap, as once there look for the tick is extremely difficult in the hair.
stock repellant ointments need to fluff them cuffs, collar and other
holes and cracks in the material through which mites can penetrate the
When the tick penetrates the clothing, it does not
immediately bites, and even while the body moves in search
convenient location. To be quite attentive and listen to
Me, then crawling over the skin mite can be felt and remove in time.
After every two or three hours, it is desirable to inspectopen areas and twice a day on the big night halt and conduct a thorough examination of the body and clothing. At the same time we must remember that to remove the tick from the fabric simply by shaking is impossible. In crowded places ticks inspection must be carried out almost every half an hour.
If you are bitten by a tick
Tick bite is almost imperceptible: insect enters the wound analgesic substance. Therefore it detected mite usually not immediately. The most common tick bites in the armpits, neck, skin behind the ears, groin, but may be in any other place
Suck tick can not try to push or pull sharply. This will only increase the likelihood of infection encephalitis!
In no case do not pour the tick with oil, greaseor kerosene! Once the tick is no longer receiving the air, it begins to "vomit" and all the contents of the digestive system spills out along with the tick-borne encephalitis virus and borreliosis pathogens. Tick need to grab a pair of tweezers or fingers, wrapped with gauze, and remove the skin from the slow, smooth movements, so as not to cut short proboscis. If the proboscis is still broken off, it must be removed using a needle. Rank by tick bite is better to treat with iodine or alcohol.
Otherwise head of the tick at the contact with the skin
tied with thread loop. The ends of the filaments are stretched sideways, and
gradually loop pulls the tick from the skin. Video of the tick removal technique can be found here.
After pouring the tick with oil or kerosene is permissible to hook it under
proboscis needle and squeezing out slowly pull out.
After removing the hands and the bite is necessarysanitized as possible encephalitis infection through the gastrointestinal tract when food is taken with dirty hands. Do not rough hands touch the eyes and mucous membranes of the mouth and nose.
Dangerous tick bite during pregnancy because they carried the disease can harm the fetus. Therefore, after removing the tick, the woman necessarily need to seek medical attention.
For emergency prevention of tick-borne encephalitis,if you can not use protivokleschevoy immunoglobulin (contraindications, delays in seeking help - after a tick bite has been more than 96 hours), doctors recommend antiviral drug Anaferon. The drug increases the body's formation of interferons and approved for use in infants from 1 month. Anaferon recommended after a tick bite within 21 days. The drug can be assigned at a later date (later than 96 hours after the bite), but preferably earlier application. Furthermore, you can assign Anaferon and parallel with protivokleschevye immunoglobulin.