Why dizzy? This is one of the most frequently
asked questions today. Let us examine in more detail what is
dizziness, why it occurs and what disease can be prevented.
The term "vertigo" refers to the loss of orientation in space and the sense
movements or his own body, or objects relative to the body. Vertigo mild usually do not pose a serious risk to
health: they do not last more than a minute and can occur at sharp corners
head from side to side or when lifting from the bed. Vertigo severe
It lasts from a few minutes to several days and can act symptoms
serious diseases: stroke, brain tumors, and anemia.
This dizzy and short runs itself
or change the situation. The reason for such a state can serve as active
adrenaline rush or a spasm of cerebral arteries with anxiety. In
smokers dizzy due to hyperventilation provoked
tobacco smoke. Violation of spatial orientation accompanies "disease
movement "(motion sickness - 30% of people across the planet, motion sickness on the rides
and transport). It is useful to strengthen the muscles of the neck, to avoid dizziness when
turning your head. Not all drugs are equally useful: the use of hypoallergenic
and sedatives, certain antibiotics and tranquilizers also
provokes dizziness. Proper nutrition will get rid of
episodic vertigo: the head can be turned on because of the low level
Severe dizziness manifested serious
balance disorders (danger of falling), hearing and vision, staggering gait,
nausea and tinnitus. For severe characteristic sense of common
weakness, similar to the sensation before fainting.
A very common case where dizzy
a sharp rise from the bed in the morning. This is due to the concept of "orthostatic
collapse (hypotension) ", consists of a sharp outflow of blood from the brain.
Dizziness may be a symptom of these serious pathologies:
- Vertigo - a true vertigo,
accompanied by a cold sweat, nausea and vomiting, fluctuations in blood
pressure and heart rate.
- Labyrinth - an inflammation of the inner ear,
accompanied by pain in the ear, nausea, vomiting and involuntary movements
- Perilymphatic fistula occurring
due to rupture of the membrane between the middle and inner ear and hit
perilymph into the middle ear. It is characterized by hearing impairment in one ear and
dizziness when coughing or sneezing.
- Benign positional
dizziness is common, but poorly diagnosed. manifested when
changing the position of the head and does not continue for a long time.
- Meniere's disease is associated with an increased
sodium level in the fluid in the middle ear and the nasal noise and is expressed in
ear, impaired balance and hearing.
- Stroke - is accompanied by dizziness,
violation of the organs of vision and sensitivity, coordination problem
movements and general weakness. Call an ambulance.
- If the head is turned over
a long time, and comorbidities are not noticeable to visit
therapist or a neurologist to determine the presence of severe neurosis.
- Brain tumor accompanied
insidious onset of vertigo and progressive deafness in one ear.
With frequent dizziness refer to a neurologist.
During an attack, try to calm down and sit (lie down), close your eyes
or focus on a stationary object.