Only one group of Belgian doctors, headed byMary Elizabeth Feymonvill held for more than five thousand operations under hypnosis. The technique developed by Dr. Feymonvill general anesthesia is replaced by a combination of hypnosis, local anesthesia and moderate sedation agents. "Patients are very happy, - says head of the group. - This gentle approach consistently attracts us a lot of patients from all five continents. "
The benefits of hypnosis before anesthetics
For the first time hypnosis was used assurgical anesthetic in India in 1845. But after a year in medical practice appeared ether, and this innovation has long replaced the hypnosis from the arsenal of surgeons, turning it into a fun trick to secular living. In 1958, the use of hypnosis in medicine has been officially sanctioned by the American Medical Association. Since then, doctors in the New World hypnotized patients to alleviate their condition in diseases such as migraine, depression, increased anxiety and chronic cancer pain.
The surgery is mainly used hypnosisin Europe. Most often in order to avoid side effects caused by general anesthesia. Thus, the already mentioned Belgian group of doctors has shown that the application of hypnosis patients require less than one percent of medicines prescribed for general anesthesia. Thus it is possible to get rid of these unpleasant effects, such as nausea, increased weakness, loss of coordination, and reduction in cognitive abilities. Thus, according to Feymonvill, patients with thyroid disease, which operated under hypnosis, returned to work almost twice as fast than similar patients who underwent general anesthesia.
Hypnosis instead of anesthesia: a successful experience
Meanwhile, studies using the mostmodern technical equipment, shed new light on how hypnosis works and how it blocks the pain. In particular, the University of Iowa in healthy volunteers measured their perception of pain under hypnosis and without it. In this experiment, participants rated their feelings on a 10-point scale. The results showed that the hypnotherapist could reduce pain intensity scores from eight to three or less. And some hypnotized subjects do not feel any pain.
Scanning volunteers brainIt showed significant differences in their passage of pain signals. We hypnotized participants in the experiment, these signals are followed by the usual way from the brain stem to the mid-brain, but did not reach the cortex, where there is a conscious experience of pain.
New data contributedthe emergence of the next wave of interest in hypnosis in the United States. In a number of US hospitals have begun to use it for those patients who are allergic to anesthetics. At the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford University, people with Parkinson's disease, hypnotized at the time of implantation of electrodes into their deep parts of the brain. very difficult tremor Without hypnosis this operation - jitter, which subjected to such patients, general anesthesia as it is impossible to do, because in the course of the procedure they must stay awake.
There, at Stanford University, successfullyHypnosis is used in the treatment of children. Younger patients are told that with the help of his hand tied to a balloon, they fly to your favorite places and thus soothe them in times of trouble bladder catheterization procedure.
The clinic at Iowa State University hypnotizepatients to reduce pain and anxiety during the preoperative anesthesia nerve roots of the spinal cord. This analgesic effect of hypnosis often lasts for the entire operation.
And yet, in spite of the successes mentioned, eventhe most enthusiastic supporters of analgesia with hypnosis does not suggest that it is entirely replaced the traditional anesthesia. On the one hand, not every person can be hypnotized. Completely susceptible hypnosis only 15 percent of patients, 60 - can be introduced into trans only partially and the remainder do not react to it.
On the other - many patients prefer generalanesthesia because they do not want to hear or feel before the surgery. Well, the desire of the patient, of course, if they do not contradict the basic tactics of treatment, should be respected.