Prostate, or prostate gland isinternal genital organs, actively participating in the sexual and genital functions of men. After forty years of it starting to happen rather unpleasant metamorphosis: fabric it gradually thickens and the iron itself increases in size. This is an enlarged prostate and is known as an adenoma, hypertrophy of the prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This disease is present in approximately 20 percent of men at age 40, 70 percent between the ages of 60 and 90 per cent aged 80 years.
The causes of prostate adenoma to date not been fully elucidated. It is believed that this disease is a manifestation of male menopause, ie sick elderly man runs the risk of each.
The prostate gland (prostate) is often calledsecond heart of a man. Outwardly, it really looks like a small heart surrounding the urethra in the place where it leaves the bladder. With age, the size of the prostate increases, the gland gradually squeezes the channel, preventing the passage of urine. Often this results in acute urinary retention, requiring either a catheter or surgery. The main method for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia is surgical removal of the prostate; there are many surgical procedures.
Symptoms of BPH
The second stage of development of BPH frequenturge to urinate, the bladder is emptied incompletely, the amount of residual urine in the bladder reaches 100-200 ml. This causes a disruption of the normal functioning of the bladder, you may experience inflammation of the bladder. BPH frequently results in haematuria - appearance of blood in the urine, which is a consequence of the rupture of the bladder veins. Stagnation of urine in the bladder causes the bladder stone formation. Against this background, there is a decrease in renal function, there is a thirst and a dry mouth. In fact, an enlarged prostate gland begins to squeeze the urethra, the free flow of urine becomes impossible by straining the patient literally pushes urine through the clamping channel. The act of urination is converted into a protracted process for a few minutes with breaks and rest.
The third stage of development of BPH isterminal - the bladder loses the ability to contract, does not help straining to empty the bladder. Urging to urinate turn into an ongoing process, urination occurs drop by drop or minimal portions. Urine spontaneously begins to stand out drop by drop, develops kidney failure, a constant headache.
Diagnosis of prostate adenoma
In order to exclude the diagnosis of prostate cancer, the analysis is carried out. Also, measure the amount of residual urine and selected for the evaluation of bladder function.
Conservative treatment of prostatic hyperplasiastage II glands may be ineffective. The initial period of stage II of prostate adenoma can be stabilized and with prolonged conservative treatment, the patient returns to normal. Surgery for the treatment of stage II prostate adenoma is used in the absence of the expected effect of conservative treatment. If you yourself feel the above symptoms, you need to urgently see a doctor - you still have a chance to get rid of this insidious disease without surgery.
In the third stage of prostate adenomaeffective is the only surgery, without which begins acute urinary retention, impaired water and electrolyte balance, and the patient dies.
adenoma Treatment of prostatic(Benign prostatic hyperplasia) depends on the stage of the disease, the results of a survey of individual patient tolerability of various drugs. Correctly and accurately matched complex method of treatment, in most cases, allows you to completely get rid of prostate adenoma. Treatment may include various types of therapy, and in severe cases, and surgical operations.