Diagnosis and treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia

Content

  • Diagnosis of prostate adenoma
  • adenoma Treatment of prostatic



  • Diagnosis of prostate adenoma

    To diagnose doctor finger hold
    rectal examination of the prostate gland, which allows to determine
    its size, density, and consistency. Unfortunately, this unpleasant,
    and sometimes painful procedure is necessary for the diagnosis of diseases
    prostate.

    Diagnosis and treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia
    Digital rectal examination usually complement ultrasound of the prostate gland.

    Besides
    that is currently mandatory investigation of suspected
    on BPH is to determine the level of prostate-specific
    specific antigen (PSA). This marker allows you to watch over
    disease, as well as time to diagnose prostate cancer.

    urodynamic
    studies (uroflowmetry, videourodinamika) form an integral
    part of the examination of patients with urinary disorders. They are helping
    urologist to determine the nature and extent of urinary disorders
    determine the cause of the symptoms appeared, assess the functional
    the state of the lower urinary tract. Uroflowmetry today
    It is required by urodynamic examination of the patient,
    Complained to change the character of urination.

    Term
    "Uroflowmetry" is derived from two Greek words and an English
    (Grech.uron - urine, English flow -. Stream, jet, Greek metreo -. Measure,
    to measure). Thus uroflowmetry - a method of measuring the flow
    urine, which allows to determine the volume of urination speed.
    Currently, there are many electronic devices for
    of uroflowmetry, including at home. Rest
    urodynamic studies are conducted strictly under control
    Urologist at the hospital in specially equipped rooms.
    Necessary urodynamic study and evaluated at the same time
    indicators defined urologist individually.



    adenoma Treatment of prostatic

    Adenoma
    mild prostate treated with drugs. selection
    the most appropriate medication to the patient performs the attending physician.

    When significant changes in expressed prostate, as well as the ineffectiveness of drug treatment of surgical techniques used.

    The most
    effective methods of surgical intervention in modern
    Urology considered transurethral endoscopic resection
    prostate (TURP) and prostatectomy.

    Transurethral
    resection of the prostate is carried out by a special
    device - resectoscope. It is low-traumatic, and operating healing
    wound passes very quickly.

    Prostatectomy - an operation
    removal of the prostate. It is carried out when
    prostate size does not allow to execute TOUR. Usually,
    prostatectomy recommended if prostate weight exceeds
    100 g

    Among other things, there are "small" (not abdominal)
    operation. These include transurethral needle ablation, laser
    coagulation of the prostate, transurethral electrovaporization
    prostate, transrectal ultrasound thermal destruction.
    There are also several options for expanding the lumen
    urethral and bladder neck without removal of tissue
    prostate. However, due to the fact that such improvement after
    interventions persists for a short time, these treatment options
    used infrequently.

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