Chemotherapy - a special treatment or prevention of cancer by means of special drugs that suppress the growth of tumor cells.
Chemotherapy does not always lead to a complete cure, but allows you to inhibit the growth of tumors, significantly extending the life of the patient and his condition is improving.
Chemotherapy is always led by an experienced oncologist, treatment regimen and doses are selected individually. Drugs may be administered intravenously, intramuscularly and administered in tablets.
Complications of chemotherapy (medicines unwanted side activities) occur frequently, but most patients are short-lived and mild.
Be sure to ask your doctor what complications are most likely in your case and what you can do personally in order to maximize ease the symptoms of complications.
Nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are the most common scare you beforethe start of treatment. The extent and duration of nausea medications administered depends on its dosage and administration regimen. Modern antiemetic drugs, which accompany the treatment, allow the majority of patients do not experience this painful condition. Remember, nausea and vomiting, even if they arise, are short-lived and will never threaten your life.
- Food should be slightly warm, soft, have a pungent smell.
- Avoid very sweet, salty, spicy and fatty foods.
- Avoid strong smells (perfume, food, smoke).
Recommended cool clarified fruit juices without sugar. Do not drink carbonated beverages, or to wait until the release of gas bubbles.
- You can sometimes suck a slice of lemon and ice.
- Wear loose clothing.
Try to escape from unpleasant feelings - communicate with friends, listen to music, watch TV.
Hair loss (alopecia)
Hair loss (alopecia) is not developing at allpatients. The extent of occurrence may be different - from mild thinning of the hair to their complete loss. After completion of chemotherapy hair grow again.
- Use a mild shampoo.
- Do not use hair dryers, curling irons, curlers.
- Butch makes the hair loss less noticeable.
Stomatitis - inflammation of the oral mucosa. At the same time there are redness, swelling, tenderness sometimes ulcers in the mouth and on the lips.
Even before the start of chemotherapy, visit the dentist,inform them about the upcoming treatment, sanitize the mouth. When stomatitis report it immediately to your doctor, he will prescribe you the necessary treatment.
Teeth should be cleaned with a soft brush, without damaging the gums. Use rinse recommended by your doctor, after each meal.
- Eat only at room temperature.
Food should be soft and non-irritating (baby food, dairy products, eggs, mashed potatoes, bananas, baked apples, jelly).
Avoid spicy, salty, acidic, roughage. It is not advisable have tomatoes and citrus.
Lubricate lip hygienic lipstick or oil.
Diarrhea (diarrhea) can occur under the action of certain chemotherapeutic agents to the intestinal mucosa. Notify the start of diarrhea your doctor may require the appointment of special medicines.
It is better to have more and more slowly. Drink plenty of fluids (weakly brewed tea, unconcentrated broth, boiled water) at room temperature.
Do not eat foods rich in fiber (breadmeal, fresh vegetables, beans, nuts). Replace these foods with low fiber content (white bread, pasta, dairy products, hard boiled eggs, fish, boiled meat, rice).
Avoid coffee, alcohol, spicy, fatty, fried foods, sweets, fizzy drinks.
The most serious complication of chemotherapy are a drop in the number of leukocytes (leykotsitopeniya) and platelets (thrombocytopenia).
When leukopenia in the human body decreasesprotect against infection number of white blood cells, which can lead to the development of infectious complications. Your doctor will regularly monitor your blood test.
Avoid contact with people who have obvious signs of infectious diseases.
Do not go to places with large concentrations of people.
Avoid contact with children who have recently been vaccinated.
Avoid accidental home injuries. When the cuts, use an antiseptic (eg, brilliant green).
An increase in body temperature, or any signs of infection (fever, sweats, cough, etc.), immediately consult a doctor!
When thrombocytopenia disturbed coagulationblood, increases the risk of bleeding, which may occur at the slightest injury and continue for a long time. On the body for no apparent reason may appear bruises, red rash, are nosebleeds and bleeding gums, redness of the urine, blood in the stool. If you experience any of these symptoms immediately tell your doctor.
Local complications upon administration of the drug are rare. When the pain at the injection site or along the vein, inform the nurse.
Your rule should be the following: The doctor is available to answer all your questions!