The world is changing. Increasingly, we are witnessing the disasters that strongly influence the person. Psychology of extreme situations (this is, natural and weather disasters, and terrorism, and an accident) - is a kind of branch of psychological science, knowledge system, due to which the victim can be of great assistance.
The psychology of human behavior in extremesituations has long been outside the focus of medical attention. Only recently the victims of terrorist acts, air and road accidents have started to focus not only on purely medical. Human Psychology in extreme situations is exposed to such a powerful attack that after the first aid work with victims is just beginning.
What is the psychology of behavior in extreme situations? What can we do to you, laymen, if exerted near the person who survived the catastrophe?
The main message of the psychology of extreme situations as part of science - to provide assistance to the victim is not only necessary, but also possible. And psychology can be every one of us.
It is understood that human psychology, survived a lot of stress, different from ours. The victim loses control of their feelings and actions.
Psychology behavior of a witness - to keep the maximum calmness and pass it to the victim.
The main feature of human psychology inextreme situations - disorganization, inability to make the right decisions. The consequences of such shocks are often substance abuse, drug addiction, alcoholism, loss of meaning in life.
Fortunately, psychology emergencies already knows how to help the victim of terrible events, to prevent worsening condition.
To understand the psychology of behavior in extreme situations need to know what signs of severe stress you may encounter.
Hallucinations and delusions disconnected
How to help: I agree with all that said the victim, give up the idea to convince him. Speak in a calm voice, remove from the access area all potentially dangerous items, try to lead a person to a quiet place before the arrival of doctors.
Try to arouse the interest of the victim at leastto something. Ask him about the family, about his needs. Questions to ask specific: no "? What do you want" and "want to eat, drink?". Involve the person in any activity where he can be useful (for example, to help others).
Adjust your breathing under the victim's breathing,massage him two points on the forehead evenly over the pupils, midway between the hairline and the eyebrows. The fingers of the victim should be pushed to the center of the palms. Quiet man say something slowly and clearly (preferably negative) that can cause it to strong emotional reactions.
Insulate the victim from others, talk to him about his feelings, which, as you see, he feels. Do not argue.
Take away the injured side. Find a way by which he can "let off steam" (kicking a stone, hit the wall). Find him a case involving a strong physical exertion. Do not argue.
Speak with the victim calm steady voice, breathing evenly. Mash it the most strenuous part of the body.
Speak with the victim about it and your feelings, demonstrate an understanding of his condition. Stay with him.
Take a sudden, sharp (and loud) action: drop something, shout, let the victim in the face. After hysterics lay to rest.