What is cysticercosis

Content

  • cysticercosis
  • What are the symptoms of cysticercosis
  • Diagnosis of cysticercosis
  • How to treat cysticercosis



  • cysticercosis

    Cysticercosis - the most common
    a parasitic disease of the central nervous system. Infection of the central nervous system of larvae pork tapeworm
    Taenia solium occurs when consuming food contaminated with eggs
    helminth.



    What are the symptoms of cysticercosis

    What is cysticercosis
    Cysticercosis may be asymptomatic
    or cause one or more neurological syndromes: epilepsy,
    hydrocephalus, stroke, chronic basilar meningitis (inflammation of the brain and spinal cord), Dementia (acquired form of dementia).
    encephalitis (brain inflammation), acute chemical meningitis. The spinal cord and retina
    rarely affected. The disease is characteristic of Mexico,
    Central and South America, Eastern Europe, China and South-East
    Asia. In patients with cerebral cysticercosis may be missing signs
    intestinal lesions adult form of helminth and fecal can not
    detected eggs or parasites themselves. Eosinophilia (increased number of eosinophils in the blood) is observed
    rarely.



    Diagnosis of cysticercosis

    cysticercosis it can be assumed on the basis of
    epidemiological data and computed tomography, which typically reveal
    foci of calcification or parenchymal cysts filled with fluid.
    The accumulation of contrast occurs in the active phase when death of larvae
    It causes inflammation and swelling. Intraventricular cysts can lead to
    life-threatening hydrocephalus (excessive accumulation of liquid contained in the cavities of the brain). they are usually not visible when computer tomography; more
    informative MRI. The diagnosis is confirmed if the serum
    antitsistitserkovye detect antibodies. In connection with the threat of reinfection (reinfection) in
    Patients and their families need to examine the feces.



    How to treat cysticercosis

    • Praziquantel, 50 mg / kg / day orally in three doses for 14 days, viable larvae killing the active stage of infection
    • Albendazole, 15 mg / kg / day in 3 divided doses for 21 days, more
      effective in the treatment of parenchymal and subarachnoid
      neurocysticercosis
    • According to the testimony appointed analgesics and anticonvulsants
    • Chemotherapy is not indicated in the inactive neurocysticercosis,
      as live larvae at this stage, no. Signs of active stage -
      swelling and accumulation of contrast in cysts on computed tomography or magnetic imaging rezonanstnoy
    • Indications for removal of cysts is limited. The operation usually
      is performed at a questionable diagnosis, with rapidly growing cysts in
      the fourth ventricle or the threat of herniation. At the Unreported
      hydrocephalus caused by intraventricular cysts effectively
      bypass surgery, which is performed without removing the cysts.

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