Diphtheria, Causes and Symptoms

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  • What are the causes and symptoms of diphtheria
  • diphtheria Treatment

    Diphtheria - the strongest
    a bacterial infection, which is the main clinical manifestations are due to
    diphtheria toxin. Diphtheria affects the nose, throat and sometimes the skin, but in a more
    serious cases can also spread to the heart, kidneys, and nervous system. Widespread use of DTP
    vaccine in the post-war years, many countries have virtually eliminated the cases
    diphtheria and tetanus, and significantly reduced the number of cases of pertussis.

    However,
    the first half of the 90s there was a diphtheria epidemic in Russia, the cause
    which was insufficient vaccination coverage of children and adults. Thousands of people
    died from the disease, which could be prevented by vaccination.



    What are the causes and symptoms of diphtheria

    Diphtheria - a bacterium,
    known as diphtheria toxin.

    exotoxin produced
    toxigenic strains of Corynebacterium diphtheridae, which get into the bloodstream and
    cause the destruction of tissue in the infected area, usually in the nasal cavity and
    mouth. The current severe disease, there is often a strong intoxication
    organism, throat and respiratory tract inflammation. Furthermore, in the absence of
    timely treatment of diphtheria is fraught with serious complications - swelling of the throat
    and respiratory failure, the defeat of the heart and kidneys, nervous system.

    Diphtheria is transmitted
    by droplet infection from patients or from healthy diphtheria
    bacillicarriers, in rare cases - through infected objects (eg,
    clothes, toys or dishes).


    Diphtheria proceeds differently,
    however, the following symptoms are observed in all cases:

    • Diphtheria, Causes and SymptomsDischarge from the nose, as in
      rhinitis
    • Swelling of the larynx and the pharynx
    • A sore throat
    • swelling of the skin or eyes (this
      symptom is quite rare)
    • Headache
    • Nausea
    • skin ulcers
    • Double vision
    • The increase in cervical lymph
      knots
    • Labored breathing


    • diphtheria Treatment

      Diphtheria Treatment at an early stage
      provides complete recovery without any complications, although
      Duration of cure depends on the severity of the infection. Without
      early treatment can result in serious complications, including heart,
      which can lead to coma, paralysis, or even death.

      If you suspect or diphtheria
      the diagnosis of infectious diseases is performed emergency
      hospitalization as a patient requires bed rest and careful
      nursing care. Particular attention should be paid to nutrition, fluid intake,
      prevention of hypoxia.

      To kill bacteria patient
      prescribe antibiotics, as well as being vaccinated for the prevention of diphtheria
      in future.

      The main and most effective
      way to prevent diphtheria - vaccinations. The vaccine against diphtheria (toxoids)
      administered in a single dose intramuscular young children and pre-school age,
      older children and adults can be administered deep subcutaneously. secondary injection
      toxoids administered to school-age children, and repeated it in 10 years when
      children leave school (ie 16 - 18 years).

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