About this disease goes mass of superstitions, prejudices and
People's fantasies. Like, if obkurilis sick smoke, let it be. Or this
disease virtually guarantees sterility recover her boy. And she
terrible that almost always becomes meningitis. Like it or not, let us
First, why the "pig"? Because of the "beauty" that disease
It leads to the patient: it swell
face and neck, eye slits are narrow - the similarity with the grunt cutie,
as they say, on the face. The doctor, seeing such beauty, say that it is - an epidemic
mumps. And it's really hard and fraught with consequences of the disease.
In 1934, it was proved the viral nature and isolated
The virus causing the problem. mumps virus turned out to be a distant relative of a flu virus.
Mumps - One of the most common infectious diseases.
infection, like many others, by airborne droplets. Sick
during the last days of the incubation period (11-23 days) in the beginning
disease and 5
days after the onset of symptoms. The virus is shed in saliva. Available
the virus through an infected household items, toys. Registered
intrauterine infection with a virus. Infections are more prone children 3-15
(Boys get sick and a half times more often), but sick adults to
As usual, they carry much heavier pig.
The pathogen affects
mainly salivary gland, endocrine and nervous systems. He quickly killed
in the environment, but at low temperatures for a long time is able to
stay active. That is why the peak incidence in the fall and
winter. Once on the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, the tonsils, the causative agent of mumps
multiplies, it enters the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body, accumulating in
salivary glands and sex.
Symptoms of mumps
The disease begins
sharply. The temperature rises to 38-39 ° and above. It appears swelling
and soreness glands near the ears, first, as a rule, on the one hand, and
1-2 days - and the other. Intoxication expressed moderately: the child is weak,
complains of a headache, and sometimes - in the tooth, pain in the ears and joints.
Swelling of affected glands kept 5-7 days, sometimes longer, but it may take
and much faster. Suppuration glands are observed. Along with swelling
glands passes and malaise. These are classical symptoms occurring
most cases. Sometimes mumps is not marked with the signs of defeat
salivary glands. In this case, it is suspected that the disease is difficult.
Inflammation of the salivary glands - unpleasant, but not fatal.
However, mumps is dangerous for its complications.
Thank God, they are rare and primarily in patients with CNS disease.
rarely is enough to develop orchitis, epididymitis, oophoritis,
mastitis, Bartholinitis, prostatitis, and pancreatitis. The sex glands are extremely
rarely, if sick - adults or older children (during sex
When orchitis there is a pain in the testicles, which gives in
groin, sometimes pain along the spermatic cord. The testicle increases
sizes, becomes dense, painful, swollen scrotum. Orchitis can
develop both alone and in conjunction with the defeat of the salivary glands.
Complication can be infertility.
Pancreatitis usually been mild. In severe cases,
accompanied by severe abdominal pain, vomiting, intestinal disorders,
CNS involvement with mumps appears serous meningitis
in more severe cases of meningoencephalitis. After encephalitis, meningoencephalitis
can be observed paresis, paralysis and loss of the inner ear that
It leads to deafness. Cases of optic nerve atrophy. One consolation -
This happens very rarely.
Treatment of mumps
Treatment: patients with mumps, is mild, and
moderately severe disease are treated at home. obligation
hospitalization subject to children with severe disease and all patients with
CNS, pancreatitis and orchitis.
After this illness produces strong immunity. Cases of re
the disease is very rare, but still happen. Infants are passive immunity
(Obtained from the mother) to mumps during the first 6 months of life.
The most reliable
method of prevention for adults - vaccination with live vaccine.