Currently, the identification (diagnosis) Schizophrenia is a serious problem. From the onset of the disease before diagnosis usually takes years, making it difficult to cure.
In the XXI century, psychiatrists began to focus on prevention and early methods of diagnosis of schizophrenia, allowing the disease to start treatment as early as possible and to prevent its development.
In the III millennium, scientists have learned in detailsimulate a patient's brain to work on a computer, and even recreated operation of individual cells (neurons). This is as close as possible to the knowledge of the mechanism of occurrence and development of schizophrenia and, consequently, to a more effective and safe treatment, due to the selective influence only the damaged cells and the processes in the central nervous system.
Recognize yourself quite schizophreniadifficult, as it should be limited by many mental illnesses. For example, by reactive psychoses that arise after a traumatic situation, when the main symptoms reflect the characteristics and nature of the transferred trauma. Reactive Psychosis, unlike schizophrenia, usually successfully cured.
In the early stages of schizophrenia is widelySymptoms of depression are common. The picture of depression can be very distinct and long-lasting, and can be masked and, implicitly, the signs of which a noticeable look professional. Quite often precedes the onset of depression, delusions and hallucinations. In such cases, it is important early diagnosis of schizophrenia, as after delirium become permanent and sustainable, the disease goes into a different form, which is more difficult to treat.
In early disease the patient, usuallya wide variety of experiences and quickly changing emotions: weak or strong emotions expressed, related to changes in the perception of the outside world; euphoria (elevated mood, "spiritual welfare" that as a symptom of schizophrenia occur as often as depression, but often misses the general clinical symptoms as rapidly disappearing under the pressure of changing circumstances of the external world and vain attempts to adapt to the changed conditions.
During the development of schizophrenia in a patient appearsa lot of unmotivated emotional feelings: guilt, inner irrational fear, anxiety. Here are some early signs of schizophrenia, which is important to consider not alone, and in combination:
- delirium special improbability, absurdity of the content with a clear mismatch behavior category delusions (delusions of persecution, greatness);
- hallucinations, usually auditory ( "I hear voices ...", "talk to me some voices ..." and so on);
- openness symptoms;
- nodules, cliffs thoughts, the thoughts of others, a symptom of the unwinding of memories;
- mania and depression;
- any and psihopatopodobnyh violations.
Modern diagnostic methods allow to revealform of the disease, especially qualify brain damage, to assess the condition of the nervous system, diagnose the possible hormonal changes and many other changes, revealing the illness "at a glance" - which will appoint a truly effective and safe treatment.