What is the hysteria from the medical point of view
Hysteria - nervous and mental illness thatIt refers to the group of neuroses. The tendency to the disease depends on the psychological makeup of the individual. Man, which is characterized by superficial judgments, suggestibility, a tendency to fantasy, mood instability, the desire to attract attention, theatrical behavior is determined by psychiatrists as a hysterical psychopath.
If a healthy person the difficulties and trauma cause more constructive reaction, in humans with weakened nervous system there is a mechanism of "escape into illness".
External manifestations of hysteria may be the mostvariety: convulsions, syncope, angina and asthma, intestinal cramps, epilepsy, etc. All these manifestations of various diseases different from the actual diseases that they "benefit" for hysteria. In doing so, the person sometimes unconsciously, trying to escape from intolerable situations or unacceptable for him living conditions.
The situation is compounded by the fact that people,once received the benefit of his painful condition, which could be expressed in the fact that others have met to resolve their problems in the future quite unconsciously continues to do the same. That is, a conditioned reflex. This phenomenon underlies the hysterical fixation painful symptoms.
How can we distinguish between the real and painful disease symptoms caused by the hysteria?
This requires careful observation ofpatients, to study the conditions of his life and the characteristics of his personality. The basic postulate of hysteria - demonstrative, desire to attract attention. If this fails, hysterics meaningless. As psychiatrists say, if Robinson Crusoe had hysterical psychopath, on a desert island, he would cease to be such as not to whom it would demonstrate their suffering.
Sick man hysteria on the one hand,It emphasizes the unbearable suffering of its exclusivity, and on the other - it is not burdened by the symptoms of their illness. He even disappointed when these symptoms are not observed and is ready to almost come to close quarters with those who say that their health is getting better.
Do I need to treat hysteria?
Of course, it is necessary. If not carried out the appropriate treatment, the nature and behavior of the patient's growing negative changes:
- The desire to attract attention at any cost;
- Instant change of mood;
- The primacy of emotion, not logic.
These symptoms suggest that the disease has passed into the chronic phase, and to treat it will require considerable effort as the relatives of the patient and a psychiatrist.
How should behave a loved one People with hysteria?
- It is unacceptable to treat him with the words: "Pull yourself together", "you are not sick, it's nerves," and so on. This will only aggravate the condition of the sick person, because you are depriving him of psychological protection.
- Without denying the fact of the disease (heart attack,epileptic seizure, asthma choking, etc.), comfort the sick, lay in bed, remove from the premises of extra people, make the light less bright. Get as much care and attention.
- At the same time, it is inadmissible to show excessive anxiety and worry, to discuss the severity of the patient's condition, medical action.
- Spend a soothing conversation. Summing up the patient to believe that he was tired and alarmed. Point out that because of its known causes of a disease state, it can be cured.
What should be taken for the prevention of attacks of hysteria
- Eliminate the factors adversely affecting the nervous system.
- Ensure the patient is not tedious, but sistematicheky work.
- Cultivate a sense of responsibility in it. The most beneficial effect on these patients need to take care of someone who is weaker than him.
- Encourage the patient to sports, walks, various strengthening activities.
When the hysteria symptoms, consult a doctor-psychiatrist. Self-blowing or disease take its course in this case is unacceptable.