What is panic disorder?
Panic disorder is a real illness, having both psychic and somatic (bodily) basis.
Although stressful situations or psychologicalconflicts and can aggravate symptoms of panic disorder, its cause still are biological disorders in the central nervous system. Susceptibility to these physiological changes can be hereditary.
Who is there?
Panic disorder - rathercommon disease. At any time, it can happen in a few million people. Usually the disease begins at the end of the second - early third decade of life and may develop in both men and women. However, women make up the majority (75%) patients, possibly due to some not yet fully understood by biochemical or physiological factors.
What are panic attacks?
Panic attacks are called sudden momentssevere anxiety. For panic attacks, especially in the beginning of the disease, typically unexpected start - without any precursors and for no apparent reason. Seizures can be accompanied by a variety of symptoms, which includes:
- dizziness or a feeling of faintness;
- difficulty breathing;
- feeling of suffocation or lack of air;
- unsteadiness or staggering gait;
- heart palpitations (heart jumps);
- chest pain or a feeling of "tightness" in the chest;
- tingling or numbness in various parts of the body;
- nausea, diarrhea;
- feeling "strange" or "unreality" of the surrounding;
- fear of death, fear of going crazy or losing self-control.
Panic attacks usually last from one minute toone hour, and having an average of two to four times a week. In some cases, the attacks disappear for a long time, and then, for no apparent reason, return again. The severity of attacks can vary significantly even in the same person.
Can panic attacks lead to something more serious?
Panic attacks can hurt people andsignificantly "poison" their lives, but they are not dangerous in the sense that it can not be the cause of death. Over time, many people who experience recurring panic attacks are becoming more and more alarming, even between attacks. They may develop one or more phobias, and they may begin to fear and avoid those places and situations where they are overtaken by attacks: for example, at the confluence of people in elevators, on motorways.
Eventually, they may start to be afraid of making plans to travel and even to go shopping. This can lead to adverse effects on social and family life, as well as to work.
Is it possible to treat panic disorder?
Yes. In almost all cases, panic disorder can be successfully treated, usually medications and psychotherapy. As the disease each different, it requires an individual treatment plan for each patient that the patient should be developed together with your doctor.