Stress lasts from a few days to a fewmonths, depending on the woman's emotional response. This is called postpartum depression. What are the symptoms and what breaks the emotional balance and calm the young mother?
Of course, it all depends on the nature of the woman and herability to respond to what is happening around. As a rule, many of the fairer sex are experiencing mood swings, worry over nothing. Young mum thinks she is unable to cope with the nature of the role assigned to it, and when it comes to the birth of her first child, she is always afraid to make any mistake, caring for him.
These fears and added to regular physicalfatigue associated with new responsibilities: if the care for the baby immediately after birth is difficult in general to all women, it's even more difficult for those who give birth for the first time. As a result, may appear despair and apathy: the fear that crumbs will not have enough milk, he somehow gets sick, etc. The lack of understanding in the family will lead to the fact that the young mother will no longer be interested in everything that surrounds it, there will be constant tantrums and scandals.
However, depression affects not only the emotional sphere: in more severe forms it is accompanied by fatigue and weakness, loss of appetite and sleep disturbance.
Immediately after birth, female hormonal balanceviolated. Estrogen and progesterone (female hormones), which during pregnancy is produced by the ovaries and the placenta in large quantities after the appearance of the baby light begin to decrease gradually returning to the level which preceded the pregnancy. Changes in hormonal status, which normally stabilizes within a week after birth, it seems, it has a strong effect on the nervous system and affects the health and emotional state of women.
However, it is difficult to establish a directa causal relationship between physical factors and increasing the emotional vulnerability of women. It is unlikely that only a change in hormonal status can become a cause of postpartum depression, because it is not all who have given birth and survived the same physiological, ie natural, changes in women.
As for the causes of depression,common opinion of experts on this issue does not exist. Some neuropsychiatrists believe that the basis of postpartum mental disorders is a genetic predisposition to the disease. In their view, depression - is a hereditary disease that should be treated with psychotropic drugs, relieves anxiety and apathy. According to this theory, the greater risk to experience depression affects women whose mothers had at one time suffered from this disorder.
Many doctors and psychologists believe thatdepression and mood swings are caused by complex psychological reasons, which must be sought primarily in the nature of women. Childbirth, like other similar events related to a change in social status (marriage, divorce, moving to another city), can become an incentive for the ambiguous mental reactions.
This occurs most often as a consequence ofdisorders of psychological equilibrium. One of the most common reactions immediately after birth - this feeling of emptiness caused by a violation of the delicate balance that has arisen between mother and child during pregnancy.
Many women need some time in orderto leave lovingly nurtured during pregnancy fantasies and take a real child who at first seems to them like a stranger. In fact, to see that the long-awaited baby is not like how his mother painted in his mind, is a serious challenge for many. However, as a rule, it is enough just a few days, that all fell into place.
Sometimes depressive reaction associated with the problems,affecting the deeper aspects of human psychology. For example, some women can not accept the fact that the birth of a child imposes a number of duties, which previously they did not have. The constant physical and emotional "attachment" to crumbs makes them realize that you have to part with the usual way of life when they can most of the time to devote himself to work, beloved, meetings with friends, reading books now, when you have all the powers given to the baby, all this becomes problematic. And this conflict (between the new social role and previous requests, from which have to give up a long time) can lead to feelings of dissatisfaction with life and depression.
As a rule, attacks a bad mood, sadnessand crying will gradually themselves as soon as the young mother will acquire the necessary skills newborn care, will cease to feel confused and alone in front of new responsibilities.
However, in some cases, self-doubtstrength and melancholy of a woman not to leave even a few months after birth. She feels unable to take care of the baby. If this happens, the best thing you can do - is to consult a doctor and then to a psychologist, which try to analyze their condition. This will allow to understand the root causes of depression.
Very rarely, depression is so deep,that suggests this postpartum psychosis (its manifestations - a state of anxiety, loss of sense of reality, or hallucinations). In this case, we recommend immediately see a psychiatrist who will determine the most effective treatment. It is useful in this case to consult a psychologist.