Narcolepsy - a disease that manifests itselfsudden bouts of sleepiness. The man simply falls to the floor and fell asleep for a short time. The most common cause of narcolepsy is unknown, but in some cases it may be a manifestation of other diseases. These diseases are caused by damage to brain structures located in areas of the brain responsible for the occurrence of sleep phase with dreaming. This results in symptoms of narcolepsy. This is called secondary narcolepsy.
Disease, contributing to the emergence of symptoms of narcolepsy are:
- multiple sclerosis;
- myotonic dystrophy;
- Parkinson's disease;
In order to be suspected at secondary narcolepsy, enough to ask yourself two questions:
- Do you have any neurological disorder?
- Do you have the following symptoms: seizures sleepiness, muscle weakness, sleep paralysis (sensation of immobility during sleep), hallucinations at the time of going to bed.
If you answered "Yes" to both questions, then,probably you are suffering from narcolepsy is caused by another disease. In order to establish this for certain, you should consult your doctor.
This disorder requires the assistance of an experienced physician,having a good training in the diagnosis and treatment of complex sleep disorders. Your doctor will know which methods of conducting research is essential. The doctor will be able to define the essence of your problems and help you get the best possible treatment.
The doctor will need information on the transferredYour previous diseases. Tell your doctor about all diseases, which in any way could have an impact on your brain or nerves. The doctor will need detailed information about:
- When there are signs of underlying disease;
- What are the symptoms you have identified;
- What are the treatments you have used;
- How successful was the treatment.
Tell your doctor as to which of narcolepsy symptoms you have. This will determine how related the time occurrence of these problems in the course of physical illness.
In order to establish for sure whether you are not suffering from narcolepsy, you will need to conduct two studies of sleep:
- An overnight sleep study called a polysomnogram; This study provides a record physiological parameters throughout the entire night's sleep.
- Multiple test for sleep latency (MSLT); This day study, providing a record of at least 4 episodes (attempt to) sleep.
Polysomnogram includesbrain waves, heart beat and breathing during sleep. It also records the movement of legs and arms during sleep. The study will establish, not whether you are suffering from other sleep problems, causing you have bouts of sleepiness. Examples of these problems include sleep apnea and periodic limb movement disorder.
People who suffer from narcolepsy, often tend tofalling asleep at unusual times of the day. MSLT will measure how fast you fall asleep during the day. The study also shows what kind of sleep you there during these episodes. MSLT shows whether you have a dream. In adults, usually during the day sleep dreams are not marked.
The first step is the identification and treatment of the disease underlying the appearance of these symptoms. If narcolepsy symptoms persist, then it may require specific treatment.
The most common method of treatmentNarcolepsy is the appointment of medical therapy. Most likely, your doctor will recommend you a welcome stimulant that will help you save the state of wakefulness during the day. Currently, a large number of known compositions that can be used. Selection of the drug, the most suitable for you may take some time. The doctor will also need to select the optimal dosage of the drug for you.
Narcolepsy can be accompanied by symptoms such as cataplexy (severe muscle weakness). For the treatment of cataplexy doctor may prescribe another type of drugs.