Bronchitis - a disease characterizedinflammation of the bronchi with a primary lesion of the mucous membrane (ie of the membrane that covers the inside of the bronchus). Bronchitis can be acute (occurs suddenly and for the first time) or chronic, in which for two consecutive years, not less than three months of the year, you suffer from cough. Bronchitis is more common in areas with humid climate, including working in damp areas and others. Bronchitis suffer mostly children and the elderly, and men more often than women.
The leading factor of occurrence of bronchitis is viral (influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus) and bacterial (streptococci, pneumococci, Haemophilus influenzae, and others.) Infection.
In some cases, a viral infectionjoins a secondary bacterial infection. Predisposing factors include hypothermia, smoking, alcohol, violation of nasal breathing, chest deformity.
The main symptom of bronchitis - cough (dry orwet). In acute bronchitis, the cough is predominantly paroxysmal in nature, accompanied by a burning sensation, or rawness in the chest or throat. Sometimes the cough is so intense, accompanied by headache. Patients concerned about weakness, chills, fever up to 37-38 ° C, headache.
Diagnosis is based on typical bronchitiscomplaints and inspection of the patient's physician. Typical radiological and laboratory signs of not (can be increased pulmonary pattern in the root area and a moderate increase in the number of leukocytes in the blood).
If needed, or acute bronchitis polupostelnybed rest, high-calorie diet, plenty of warm drinks (tea with raspberry jam or honey, milk with soda and mixed with mineral water, extract of raspberry, lime blossom). Smoking is strictly prohibited. Cupping, mustard plasters on the chest and back, Capsicum plaster is only possible with the permission of a doctor.
Apply anti-inflammatory (aspirin, paracetamol, etc.), Expectorants (infusion Thermopsis; 3% potassium iodide solution, bromhexine), antitussives (libeksin) and other means.
Showing inhaled expectorants anddrugs, thinning mucus (mucolytics), heated alkaline water, 2% sodium carbonate solution, eucalyptus, anise oil by using steam, ultrasonic inhalers. Inhalation spend 5 minutes, 3-4 times a day for a week. Thermal inhalation can be carried out at home and in the absence of special inhaler.
In the presence of purulent discharge expedient appointment of antibacterial agents. Antibiotics should only be a doctor. Self-medication can be ineffective and dangerous.
Prevention bronchitis is reduced, on the one hand,to hardening of the body (morning exercise in the open air or under an open window, wash with cool water body, short cold shower or swimming, etc.), on the other - to prevent infection, exposure to harmful factors.
It is necessary to remove polyps (if any), to treatdeviated septum to improve breathing. It is of great importance in prevention has such hygienic measures as anti-dust, cigarette smoke, pollution, humidity, as well as alcohol and tobacco.