At violinists, pianists, typists, drivers,whose work is related to the voltage of individual muscle groups, or have long-term work in an uncomfortable position myositis - occupational disease. It can also occur after excessive cooling or muscle tension, severe muscle cramps while swimming.
Pyomyositis may result from trauma or as a complication of intramuscular injections, when introduced into the muscle infection.
Acute myositis occurs suddenly during acute infections after trauma, sudden muscle tension.
Chronic myositis may be the outcome of acute complications or any infection. Most often affects the muscles of the neck, lumbar region, chest, calf.
The disease is manifested by local pain,which increases the intensity. Pain increases sharply at a voltage of (reduction) of the affected muscles, as well as their feelings. Perhaps the appearance of puffiness, sometimes - skin redness. In severe cases, fever, a headache.
When myositis masticatory jaw muscles convulsivelyclenched, muscles strongly strained. The pain sometimes becomes so severe that the person is unable to chew, not only, but also to talk. Soreness in the muscles is enhanced compressed not only when driving but also at rest, at night, when the weather changes.
At the beginning of the disease needs peace whenthe defeat of the muscles of the back, legs, abdomen - compliance with bed rest. As a rule, patients myositis are treated at home, but the visit to the doctor (physician, neurologist, and in severe cases - to the surgeon) is desirable. Typically prescribed painkillers, with purulent myositis - antibiotics.
When purulent myositis may need surgery: an autopsy ulcer, followed by draining wounds and washing it with antiseptic solutions.
When myositis show dry heat (tying woolen scarf), effective physiotherapy, massaging the affected muscle.
At home, stroking and rubbingmuscles using diluted essential oil of eucalyptus, lavender, marjoram, pine or rosemary will help to warm and relax the affected muscle fibers, stimulates local circulation. When purulent myositis massage is contraindicated, since kneading muscles can lead to the spread of infection.
On the feasibility of massage in eachcase you should consult a doctor. As a precaution to avoid heavy loads on individual muscle groups, hypothermia, prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position, traumatic injuries.