Sjogren's Syndrome - an inflammation of the lacrimal, salivary glands and mucous glands. Inflammation occurs gland dysfunction, which leads to the production of small amounts of secretion.
If it affects the lacrimal gland produces verylittle tear fluid, which leads to irritation of the conjunctiva. As a result, there appears bloodshot eyes and the feeling of presence of a foreign body in the eye.
With the defeat of the salivary glands is markedly reducedsaliva, resulting in dry mouth occurs. Inflammation causes swelling of the salivary glands, and the possible pain. Burning eyes and dry mouth are common symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome or Sjogren's syndrome-Larsen.
Defeat mucosal glands leads to strongly expressed dryness, often in the nasal and genital area.
Sjogren's syndrome can be limited defeattissue glands. In this case, the patient complains of symptoms only to the above. But when the disease symptoms may be present, and other diseases. Can join the fever, depression, excruciating muscle and joint pain, and possible arthritis (inflammation of multiple joints). When Sjogren's syndrome develops in the framework of other diseases, diagnosis is often a challenge. In most cases we are talking about such related diseases as chronic arthritis, or systemic lupus erythematosus (erythematosus). Later this form of the disease has been called "secondary" Sjögren's syndrome.
Diagnosis of Sjogren's syndrome
Dryness of the mouth and the eyes are not always burningIt means that we are talking about Sjögren's syndrome. Diagnosing Sjogren's syndrome can be only in the presence of inflammation of the prostate. There are cases when a similar result cause metabolic disorders, resulting in greatly reduced secretion of saliva. What often we see in diabetes (diabetes). As a result, elderly people it can lead to premature reduction or lacrimal function of the salivary glands, which is characteristic of inflammation. Such forms of dryness of the mouth and eyes are not Sjogren's syndrome!
Sjogren's syndrome refers to a disease of the immuneorigin. This is a disease in which the body's protective apparatus directs its action against the organism, in this case against the breast tissue. At the same time develop antibodies that, when a blood test may be evidence of the disease, but not always.
Another diagnostic method isexamination of tissues. In most cases, studies using small fragments of the oral mucosa, which are then examined by microscope. Thus it is possible to install mucous glands. In addition, it is possible to conduct full-scale X-ray examination of the salivary glands (sialography). In this X-ray contrast agent is concentrated in the excretory ducts of the salivary gland. Radiographs also allows you to set how much common inflammation of breast tissue. But there is no need for each patient to carry out a study of the glands. The survey is strictly individual.
How is the treatment of Sjögren's syndrome
The basis of treatment of Sjogren's syndrome are 2 main objectives:
- Removing localized inflammation.
- Treatment of symptoms of dry mouth, burning eyes.
Removing the inflammation is severedifficulties. After all, with Sjögren's syndrome it comes to autoimmune diseases such as chronic arthritis, or systemic lupus erythematosus. In such cases, prescribed medicines, like drugs for the treatment of the disease (eg, cortisone and immunosuppressive agents), especially when joined by symptoms such as fever and weakness. But the disease can often occur latently that reflected poorly on the treatment of Sjögren's syndrome. In severe cases, when the inflammation has affected too much glandular tissue, preventing further deterioration due to the therapy. In the future function of the gland is no longer restored. The main task is the proper care of the mucous membranes.
Eyes. Low secretion of tear fluid resulting inhyperemia of the conjunctiva and cornea. It is necessary to repeatedly carry out daily moisturizing eye using instillation of artificial tears; at night to lubricate eye ointment. Due to the lack of tear fluid also heavily infected eye. When inflammation should immediately consult an eye specialist.
Oral cavity. Dryness of the mouth is very unpleasantsymptoms and causes severe thirst. But saliva not only acts as a hydrating fluid. It not only helps in swallowing food and grinding, but also protects the mucous membrane of the oral cavity infection. Thus, insufficient amount of saliva can cause periodontal inflammation and dental caries. That is why it is necessary to engage in oral care: after each long period of brushing your teeth more often and carry out activities to rinse the mouth with special antiseptic solutions. And often chew sugarless chewing gum! Chewing gum stimulates the secretion of saliva. There are cases when bacteria from the mouth immigrate to the salivary glands and cause infection of the salivary glands. In addition, they cause a sudden very painful swelling of the salivary glands, accompanied, in most cases, fever. In this case, you must consult a doctor. Antibiotic treatment is inevitable in this case. Also used aerosols (sprays), containing the artificial saliva example glandozan. His action is necessary to try, because it individually.
Nasal cavity. The regular use of nasal sprays,promoting the wetting of nasal mucosa and preventing dryness, resulting in the formation of nasal crusts. Try to maintain the required humidity by using air conditioner.
Genitals. Dryness of the labia and vagina inevitableIt leads to pain during sexual intercourse and increases the likelihood of infection. Discuss this with your doctor. He will prescribe the appropriate gel or cream.
You see, that is Sjögren's syndromeunpleasant disease, in which you yourself have to take part in most of the treatment. The doctor will prescribe the necessary medicines, but their regular use - the key to your health, which is in your hands.
Never forget that Sjögren's syndromeis an autoimmune disease, which, like all such disease affects your nervous and mental state. Any form of stress can be a factor in provoking the disease. Avoid this.
Some people can not put up with the wayfrustrating their disease. Take it easy and try to arrange his life so that you are able to achieve a state of rest or of remission of the disease.