But, nevertheless, it is necessary to know the differences, since these diseases are treated differently.
arthritis - a whole group of diseases in which primaryinflammation of the joint, sometimes one, often several. The reason is a violation of the immune system, the disease develops gradually, and the cause for its manifestation may be hypothermia, a harmless cold, stress.
Arthritis occurs at different ages, but the mostsevere and dangerous - rheumatoid - most often affects people in the most able-bodied, from 30 to 50 years. Women get sick three times more often than men, because female sex hormones increase inflammation. In arthritis, the joint is hot, swollen, stiff. If left untreated, it can lead to disability within 1-2 years.
arthrosis - also a group of diseases, but they begin withchanges in joint tissues, most often age-related, or after an injury. Microtrauma of the cartilage lining the joint gradually accumulates, pain occurs, movements are limited. And only then often inflammation occurs. With arthrosis, it is also best to go to the doctor right away, rather than self-medicate - then the chance of recovery is much higher.
Remove the pain - is half the battle
Of course, the main thing for the patient is that the doctor helprelieve joint pain, sometimes unbearable. And for this, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used in the treatment of joint diseases - long-known diclofenac, ibuprofen and newer celecoxib, nimesulide. These medicines are a great blessing for patients, but it would be a mistake to think that they cure the disease. Arthritis and arthrosis are treated with completely different medicines - the so-called basic drugs.
For arthritis, the basic drugs are immunosuppressants - drugs that normalize the activity of the immune response (methotrexate, leflunomide, infliximab, rituximab).
For the treatment of arthrosis are usedchondroprotectors, that is, preparations containing cartilage components (glucosamine, chondroitin), as well as herbal medicines - extracts of soy and avocados. Hyaluronic acid preparations are injected directly into the affected joint.
Tips for everyday
With the onset of cold weather is often an aggravation of chronic diseases of the joints. What should I do to avoid this?
- The most important thing is to adhere strictlyrecommendations of your attending physician, - says Dmitry Karateev, MD. - In case of chronic joint diseases, it is important to take medications regularly, not to miss visits to the doctor.
- With the onset of autumn are more common respiratoryinfection. And any general inflammation can stimulate inflammation in the joints. So be careful, try not to get sick with colds, avoid contact with patients with infectious diseases.
- Avoid hypothermia, keep joints warm.
- But do not get carried away with warming procedures - they can also cause exacerbation.
- You can not move too little, but also excess physical exertion dangerous. The best way to solve the problem of load with your doctor.
- You need a complete balanced diet. But the recommendations are more dishes with gelatin (such as jelly, aspic, etc.) - this is from the field of myths, this does not affect the condition of the joints.
Vitamins for knees
Patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis who needregularly take vitamin C, said Robert Davis, professor of physiology at Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. If during the day to take around 500 mg, it is not too high, but enough to condition improved.
Try to eliminate from the diet of tomatoes,eggplant and pepper all species except black. There is evidence that they can cause an allergic reaction, that is, immune response, which is the basis of joint inflammation.
Reduce your consumption of vegetable oils andmargarine. Studies have shown that oils high in omega-6 fatty acids may increase joint inflammation. Two types of oils are low in omega-6: olive and rapeseed. They can be consumed in moderation. Include in your diet vegetable juices that reduce joint pain: carrot, celery, cabbage. However, first check with your doctor.
From the smallest to the oldest
It is believed that with joint problemsoccur in the elderly. This is not true. Arthritis, in particular rheumatoid, can strike at any age, even very young children. Younger and arthritis - Doctors attribute this to the fact that we work less physically, but often wrong load their joints while you exercise, weight lifting, etc. Injuries occur, then in the injured joint develops osteoarthritis.
Effective but expensive
The latest drugs used to treatarthritis - the so-called biological (not to be confused with dietary supplements!). These high-tech and very expensive drugs target the molecules involved in the onset of inflammation.