What is systemic scleroderma

Content

  • What is Scleroderma
  • How is scleroderma
  • How is the diagnosis and treatment of scleroderma



  • What is Scleroderma

    Systemic scleroderma - a serious disease of the connective
    fabric, wherein the fabric is compacted and it hardens. There is so
    called sclerosis (from the Greek sklerosis - hardening). at
    systemic sclerosis affected skin, small vessels and internal
    organs: gastrointestinal tract, lungs, kidneys, heart. Women suffer
    systemic scleroderma three times more often than men. Average age
    patients - 30-40 years.

    The reason of that
    the disease is still unknown. Scientists theorize that
    a significant role in the development of systemic sclerosis plays innate
    inferiority of the immune system leading to autoimmune disorders.
    The human immune system suddenly begins to perceive their own
    cells as foreign and destroys them. In this case, its "enemies"
    are connective tissue cells. Risk Factors Scleroderma
    include hypothermia, trauma, infections.



    How is scleroderma

    What is systemic scleroderma
    Because the
    systemic scleroderma affects various systems and organs,
    the manifestations of the disease are extremely diverse. More often
    disease begins with a so-called Raynaud's syndrome (spasm
    small blood vessels). This disturbed blood flow in the fingers
    hands: they fade, become cold, they start to hurt.

    also appear
    skin changes. In the early stages of the disease on the face and hands
    there are edema (swelling), which are compacted with time.
    The color of the skin begins to resemble wax. The disease alters the facial features
    patient: it becomes like a mask, and the mouth is narrowed. Fingers
    due to thickening of the skin reminiscent of a fake. Over time, the process
    It involves the skin of the forearms, chest, neck, legs and feet.

    Besides
    addition, there are signs of joint damage, manifested by pain
    and stiffness. Often affects the gastrointestinal tract
    and heart. Patients complain of pain when swallowing food, constipation or
    diarrhea. They have a shortness of breath, arrhythmia, heart pain, swelling
    feet. Approximately 20% of joins kidney disease.

    at
    Without treatment, symptoms of the disease is increasing. In the acute form
    disease-year survival is less than 20% in chronic
    form about half of patients live more than 5 years.



    How is the diagnosis and treatment of scleroderma

    an urgent need to apply When the above symptoms to rheumatologist.
    Most likely the doctor will diagnose immediately after the inspection, but
    in severe cases may require joints and skin biopsy. Sometimes
    patients prescribed the study of immunity andCBC, in which identifies the common signs of inflammation. Changes of heart are diagnosed using an electrocardiogram and echocardiogram (ultrasound of the heart). Since X-rays are detected using the changes in the lung and joints.

    For
    Treatment of systemic sclerosis are used anti-inflammatory
    (Corticosteroids), anti-fibrotic (preventing compaction
    the connective tissue), vascular, immunosuppressive (suppress
    activity of the immune system) and the bracing means. at
    chronic course are shown balneotherapy (coniferous, radon
    and hydrogen sulfide baths), paraffin and mud wraps, etc.
    Are important physiotherapy, Physiotherapy and massage.

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