Why is cervical cancer occurs?
This disease is not inherited. It went hand inIt is of particular types of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection that can occur throughout life. There are over 100 HPV types but only 15 of these are carcinogenic and cause
cancer of the cervix (cervical cancer). The most dangerous and common among them 16, 18, 31, and 33 types of the virus.
cervical cancer peak incidence occurs between the ages of 45 to 65 years, but in recent years, the disease is more common in young women aged 18 to 29 years.
- More than 500 000 women worldwide fall ill cervical cancer per year - one woman every two minutes.
- In Russia, 13,000 cases are registered every year - 36 women per day.
How is HPV infection?
HPV affects everyone - both men and women, and spreads very easily. For the transmission of genital contact is enough.
REMEMBER - condoms do not protect against HPV, sothe virus is so small that it can penetrate through the pores of the condom. The presence of virus in the body are asymptomatic, the majority of people are unaware that they are infected.
Infection with human papilloma virus does not always lead to cancer, in 50% of cases, the body fights the virus on their own, due to immune defense and the absence of comorbidities.
It is proved that 80% of women suffering from thrush, susceptible to infection with HPV.
Factors that trigger the occurrence of cervical cancer:
- long existing endometriosis and erosion and cervical dysplasia leukoplakia
- early sexual activity
- frequent change of sexual partners
- the simultaneous presence of multiple sexual partners, both men and women
- failure to comply with the rules of personal hygiene smoking and alcohol abuse
- immunodeficiency deficiency of dietary vitamins A and C
How is cervical cancer?
Aggressive types of HPV affect the mucous cellscervical and stimulate the synthesis of viral E6 and E7 onco-proteins. Normally, these proteins are not synthesized. They suppress the local and general immunity, cause the transformation of cervical mucus virus-infected cells in atypical. If these cells are not detected in time, and do not stop the process of degeneration, it can develop cervical cancer.
It is important to remember that the detection of infectiononcogenic HPV - it is not a diagnosis of "cancer". The development of cancer usually takes several years, passing through a series of successive stages, which are called "precancerous state", but sometimes it can develop in less than a year. Therefore it is very important to them in a timely manner to identify and cure.
Do I have cervical cancer?
To answer this question only afterexamination gynecologist. During the examination, the doctor is required to take a smear cytology (the study for changes in the cells of the cervix). Cervical cancer is a rare malignancy, which can prevent the development, because in most cases it develops in the long-existing precancerous diseases.
It is important to remember that the early stages of the disease itselfdo not manifest symptoms occur when the disease is already comes to the later stages. In Russia, more than 45% of cervical cancer cases are detected already in the later, advanced stages, requiring surgical treatment.
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
With the progression of the disease may appearprofuse watery or bloody discharge from the vagina, which usually appear after sexual intercourse, heavy lifting between periods, after menopause established. In the later stages there is a weakness, abdominal pain, impaired urination.
How to protect yourself from cervical cancer?
The main way to prevent this terriblediseases are checkups obstetrician-gynecologist with obligatory taking smears for cytological studies on tumor cells, since 20 years, or since the start of sexual activity, and at least 1 time
in year. If you have any type of HPV is detected, the inspection should be carried out every six months 1.
Remember, if you regularly be inspected by a gynecologist, in most cases can be to diagnose the disease and begin treatment even at the stage of precancer.
Prevention of cervical cancer.
Currently, for the protection of cervical cancer, there are two vaccines. Vaccines are designed for girls - teenagers from 9 to 17 years and young women from 18 to 26 years old are not infected with the virus.
Vaccine does not protect, if the woman is already infected with HPV.
It is important to know!
Russian scientists Research Institute of Molecular Medicine, MMA Sechenov developed a unique and completely new tool for the prevention of cervical cancer - Promisan.
Promisan - non-hormonal agent of natural origin, has activity at multiple protivo¬opuholevoy not affect zdoro¬vye organs and tissues.
Promisan used in combination therapy withimmuno-nomoduliruyuschimi drugs for cervical neoplasia in-traepitelialnoy (of CIN), for the prevention of recurrence after surgery on the cervix (conization, excision, diathermocoagulation etc.).
How does Promisan?
- It is the loss of virus-infected cells
- Blocks production oncoproteins E6 and E7
- Restores antitumor protection of the organism
Drugs can be purchased in pharmacies of your city