Ringworm (mikrosporiya) - a contagious skina disease that causes the parasitic fungus Microsporum canis and Trichophyton tonsurans. It affects the skin, hair, nails sometimes. Among children - is the most common fungal disease.
Fungal attack contribute to small skin injuries, violations
immunity. The disease is transmitted by direct contact
with sick animals (typically a dog or cat), or a human,
as well as through household items containing the fungus spores.
infected by skin affected hair, skin flakes
from human or animal patient, preferably a stray. Infection
from human possible both in direct contact with it, and in
using his things (comb, hat, towel, etc.).
The spread of the pathological process in the skin when a
single focus may cause washing washcloth, sponge.
the moment of getting the fungus on the skin, hair and nails until the person
First signs of the disease usually runs from 5 days to 6 weeks. The skin
there are round and oval inflammatory spots (or 1 spot)
covered with scales and crusts. Usually patients do not bother,
except light itching.
If it affects the scalp is formed large, rounded center of baldness, where hair is all broken off at the level of 4-8 mm and a cut would deprive. due
what disease got its name "ringworm". Around
it appear small foci, sometimes numerous.
in people with weakened immune systems, and in the absence of treatment of the disease
It can be complicated. This may increase the temperature increase
lymph nodes, rash suppurate.
Diagnosis and treatment of ringworm
Ringworm is set when viewed from a dermatologist. For his
confirm the doctor may use a special fluorescent
lamp (Wood) - in its rays of the affected areas allowed the fungus
green glow, as well as to take a few pieces of leather to study
under a microscope.
Modern means of fully heal
ringworm. If there is a single chamber is used on the skin
local treatment - 5-10% of the sulfur-salicylic or sulfur-tar ointment,
2-5% alcoholic solution of iodine. When multiple skin lesions
and scalp can be assigned to a course of antifungal
The child is allowed in the children's group after
the disappearance of the disease and obtaining three negative
the results of the survey on the fungus.
For the prevention of diseases
you must avoid contact with stray animals and domestic cats
and dogs are regularly inspected by a veterinarian. Sick people need
strictly observe good personal hygiene.