Manifestations of neurodermatitis
neurodermatitis Manifestations enough
expressed with the diagnosis and usually no difficulties even novice
dermatologist. The disease starts with an itch: begin to scratch the neck (back)
forehead, cheeks, eyelids, the skin around the mouth, elbow and knee creases, the area
buttocks. After some time redness appears at these locations,
then, due to constant scratching, the skin coarsens - thickens and
compacted. It soon becomes apparent, and the main feature
neurodermatitis - the affected areas clearly emerges natural
Characteristic for neurodermatitis itch that
accompanied by constant scratching can infect the skin
(Most often this happens with children).
among experts about the nature of this complex disease are under way
Here are the most common theory of development of neurodermatitis:
- Hereditary predisposition. According to the majority
researchers, family history of patients with neurodermatitis have 40-80%
allergic diseases observed in relatives.
- Multivalency. Many researchers pay attention to
polyvalent (multiple) nature of allergies neurodermatitis.
aggravation cause a variety of allergens - food, bacterial,
medication and so on.
- Violations of immunity. There are more messages that
atopic dermatitis occurs on the background of a reduced immunological reactivity and
- Non-immune factors. There is evidence that suffer with neurodermatitis
function of blood coagulation system, endocrine function. The development of
the disease also affects liver problems, failures in the work of the central and
the autonomic nervous system.
Forms from this disease are two:
neurodermatitis limited and diffuse neurodermatitis. Limited
neurodermatitis begins with itching, after which there are changes in the
skin - redness, nodules and flakes. In the future, skin coarsens, figure
It becomes underlined.
Typically, lesions localized in the neck, the legs, the inner surface
hip, elbow and knee on the folds, the genitals. Limited
atopic dermatitis can be accompanied by itching of the whole body, insomnia and
other neurotic disorders.
In this form of the disease lesions cover more
vast areas (in the face, neck, limbs and trunk). The skin
these places pigmented, dry and flaky. atopic dermatitis
accompanied by severe itching, until the appearance of deep scratches.
In severe cases, the disease can spread to the entire
Suffering neurodermatitis should be wary of all
which can cause skin rashes, - for example, detergents,
which remove the natural sebum. It is not necessary to wear next to the skin
synthetic or woolen clothes. Affected skin should be
emollient oil lubricated several times a day. If skin rash
inflamed, can not do without antibacterial agents (green fodder,
example) and antibiotics. And then, and another is to appoint a doctor.
Treatment of neurodermatitis
neurodermatitis treatment with local
corticosteroids (lotions, creams, ointments) - the
effective way to keep the disease within.
or moderately strong topical corticosteroids (hydrocortisone) do not give
any side effects. But powerful corticosteroid ointment
(Tselestoderm, etc.) Should be used a short time period.
The most intensely absorbed corticosteroids on the face, elbows and
knee bends, in other areas with thin skin. This means here ointment
you need to apply a very thin layer. Ointments and creams applied usually not more than
2 times a day, and only their prmenyaetsya recommended starting with
half to two years.
Antihistamines (tavegil, suprastin,
Claritin, Zyrtec) are usually prescribed during an exacerbation.
Immunomodulatory (viferon) and anti-anxiety drugs (Valeriana,
motherwort) can be used as a preventive measure.
dermatologists recommend sessions cryomassage (liquid nitrogen)
ultraviolet irradiation of the lesion therapeutic laser
massage, sea baths.