What is a mug
Erysipelas (erysipelas) - an acute, often
recurrent infection, which manifests
fever, symptoms of intoxication and a characteristic skin lesions with
form sharply limited focus of inflammation.
It is widely
common streptococcal infection with sporadic
incidence, growing in summer and autumn. By
the prevalence of infectious diseases present structure of erysipelas
It takes the 4th place - after the acute respiratory and intestinal infections,
viral hepatitis, most often recorded in the older age
groups. About 1/3 are patients with recurrent erysipelas in
Face can cause any serovar (group of microorganisms)
beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A, the same serotypes may
call other streptococcal disease (angina, pneumonia, sepsis,
meningitis, and so on. n.). Also widespread in Streptococcus
Nature, to environmental conditions it is fairly stable.
infection in the face is the patient any form of streptococcal
infection or streptokokkonositel. There a special election
susceptibility or predisposition to face. Some people get sick
repeatedly, as the immunity after the fugitive faces.
streptococci into the body through small skin lesions and mucous membranes.
Perhaps exogenous infection (contaminated instruments,
dressings) and foci of chronic streptococcal
infection (eg in patients with chronic tonsillitis). Wherein
It is crucial condition of the body reactivity,
causes wide fluctuations in susceptibility to infectious
pathogens, in particular streptococci.
primary, secondary and recurrent. The inflammatory process can
be anywhere on the body, but most often localized on the face and
shins. On the mucous membranes of erysipelas is rare.
Symptoms of erysipelas
Symptoms of erysipelas
Erysipelas incubation period of 2-7 days (usually 3-5 days) and then may be a few hours. The disease always begins acutely.
syndrome is preceded by local changes. Quick temperature rise
accompanied by chills, often shocking. expressed are revealed
signs of intoxication - headaches, dizziness, weakness,
nausea, possible vomiting. In severe cases, there may be convulsions and delirium.
After 10-20 hours of onset of the disease symptoms appear local.
patients experience in limited areas pruritus, sweating,
tightening of the skin. Then, in these places there are swelling, pain,
appropriate development of regional lymphadenitis. A typical erysipelas
plaque is a lot brighter saturated erythema with irregular
circuits in the form of "flames". Inflammatory process
It extends to the subcutaneous fat, resulting in
pronounced edema develops, particularly in areas with localization
loose subcutaneous tissue (face, genitals). Plaque raised above
the surrounding skin, as separated from the surrounding intact skin
edge roller, with its center as it sinks. At the touch of a plaque
dense, hot, painful on pressure.
In some cases
a process that may restrict, and in a few days will leave
their small peeling. However, often without treatment process quickly
progresses, there are so-called creeping or metastatic
form. When this character septic complications arise.
Local manifestations faces disappear in 10-14 day illness may persist for a long time and pasty skin pigmentation.
Fever usually lasts for 5-7 days.
the most frequent complications of ulcers can be noted faces, necrosis, abscess,
cellulitis, as well as violations of lymph circulation, leading to lindtostazu.